News tagged with mental retardation
Advancements over the last 10 years in understanding intellectual disability (ID, formerly mental retardation), have led to the once-unimaginable possibility that ID may be treatable, a review of more than 100 studies on ...
Neuroscience May 17, 2011 | 5 / 5 (4) | 0
The most common inherited form of mental retardation and autism, fragile X syndrome, turns some brain cells into chatterboxes, scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis report.
Neuroscience Feb 20, 2013 | 4.8 / 5 (4) | 1 |
Scientists at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) have solved part of a puzzle concerning the relationship between changes in the strength of synapses the tiny gaps across which nerve cells in the brain communicate ...
Neuroscience Oct 19, 2011 | 4.7 / 5 (3) | 1 |
Neuroscientists find that two rare autism-related disorders are caused by opposing malfunctions in the brain
(Medical Xpress) -- Most cases of autism are not caused by a single genetic mutation. However, several disorders with autism-like symptoms, including the rare Fragile X syndrome, can be traced to a specific mutation. Several ...
Neuroscience Nov 24, 2011 | 4.3 / 5 (3) | 2 |
A University of Wisconsin-Madison research team has solved a 25-year mystery that may lead to better treatments for people with learning deficits and mental retardation.
Neuroscience Jun 08, 2011 | 5 / 5 (2) | 0 |
(AP) -- A prominent bioethicist has offered $10,000 to charity if Republican presidential candidate Michele Bachmann can prove her claim that a vaccination caused mental retardation.
Other Sep 16, 2011 | 5 / 5 (2) | 1
Learning, memory and habits are encoded in the strength of connections between neurons in the brain, the synapses. These connections aren't meant to be fixed, they're changeable, or plastic.
Autism spectrum disorders Feb 16, 2013 | 4.5 / 5 (2) | 0
Researchers now have a much clearer understanding of how mutations in a single gene can produce the complex cognitive deficits characteristic of Fragile X Syndrome, the most common inherited form of intellectual disability. ...
Medical research Jul 21, 2011 | 4 / 5 (2) | 0 |
Researchers at the Epigenetics and Cancer Biology Program at IDIBELL led by Manel Esteller, ICREA researcher and professor of genetics at the University of Barcelona, have described alterations in noncoding ...
Genetics May 02, 2013 | 3 / 5 (2) | 0
An American-owned battery plant in China will remain shut until the end of the year over fears it has caused lead poisoning in local children, the Shanghai Daily reported on Friday.
Health Sep 23, 2011 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0
Researchers at McGill University have discovered the cause of an inherited form of epilepsy. The disease, known as double-cortex syndrome, primarily affects females and arises from mutations on a gene located on the X chromosome. ...
Medical research Jun 21, 2012 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0 |
A new research discovery has the potential to revolutionize the biological understanding of some childhood psychiatric disorders. Specifically, scientists have found that when a single protein involved in brain development, ...
Medical research Oct 31, 2012 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0
Britain's fertility regulator says it has found broad public support for in vitro fertilization techniques that allow babies to be created with DNA from three people for couples at risk of passing on potentially fatal genetic ...
Obstetrics & gynaecology Mar 20, 2013 | 5 / 5 (1) | 1
Research from Western University and Lawson Health Research Institute sheds new light on a gene called ATRX and its function in the brain and pituitary. Children born with ATRX syndrome have cognitive defects and developmental ...
Medical research Apr 08, 2013 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0
Researchers at the University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU) and the Achucarro neurosciences centre have discovered a new therapy for the fragile X chromosome syndrome. This new therapy proposes the modulation of the cerebral ...
Medical research Apr 10, 2013 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0
Mental retardation is a generalized disorder, characterized by subaverage cognitive functioning and deficits in two or more adaptive behaviors with onset before the age of 18. Once focused almost entirely on cognition, the definition now includes both a component relating to mental functioning and one relating to individuals' functional skills in their environment.
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