News tagged with microorganisms
Scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have identified a protein essential to repairing the intestine's inner lining.
Medical research Sep 06, 2012 | 4 / 5 (3) | 0 |
Researchers undertake massive study of gut bacteria differences between people in different countries
(Medical Xpress) -- One area of human biology that is still a major mystery is the nature of the relationship between microorganisms (microbiomes) that exist in the gut and the health of the human host. Crohn's ...
Medical research May 10, 2012 | 5 / 5 (3) | 0 |
For the first time, researchers have analyzed the multitude of microorganisms residing in the human gut as a complex, integrated biological system, rather than a set of separate species. Their approach has ...
Medical research Jan 10, 2012 | 5 / 5 (10) | 0 |
For the first time, a specific microorganism has been found to be associated with human colorectal cancer. In two studies published online today in Genome Research, independent research teams have identified Fusobacterium in col ...
Cancer Oct 17, 2011 | 5 / 5 (5) | 0 |
How much a person eats may be only one of many factors that determines weight gain. A recent Cedars-Sinai study suggests that a breath test profile of microorganisms inhabiting the gut may be able to tell doctors how susceptible ...
Overweight and Obesity Mar 26, 2013 | 4.4 / 5 (5) | 0 |
(Medical Xpress)—The latest research into the intricate processes that let substances into and out of cells will help to lay the foundations for the next generation of therapies for major diseases.
Medical research Mar 12, 2013 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0 |
A major review recently published in Frontiers of Microbiology examines the broader issues associated with widespread antibiotic resistance. The paper, by Professor Michael Gillings from Macquarie Univer ...
Medical research Feb 19, 2013 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0 |
(Medical Xpress)—Researchers working at the Life Sciences College of Nanjing Agricultural University in China have found that giant pandas naturally produce a peptide that can kill fungi and bacteria. In ...
Medical research Jan 03, 2013 | not rated yet | 0 |
When it comes to germ-busting power, the eyes have it, according to a discovery by University of California, Berkeley, researchers that could lead to new, inexpensive antimicrobial drugs.
Medical research Sep 24, 2012 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0
(HealthDay) -- The health of elderly people appears closely linked with their diet and the type of microorganisms living in their gut, suggesting that what you eat may affect how well you age, according to ...
Medical research Jul 13, 2012 | 5 / 5 (6) | 0 |
(Medical Xpress) -- Microorganisms in the human gastrointestinal tract form an intricate, living fabric made up of some 500 to 1000 distinct bacterial species, (in addition to other microbes). Recently, researchers have begun ...
Medical research Jun 06, 2012 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0 |
New research by scientists at the University of Southampton could lead to the design of more effective drugs to combat malaria.
Medical research Jan 27, 2012 | not rated yet | 0 |
Researchers at Duke University Medical Center have developed a new way to identify the genes of harmful microbes, particularly those that have been difficult to study in the laboratory.
Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes Jan 09, 2012 | not rated yet | 0 |
In a scientific first that potentially could shed new light on how signals travel in the brain, how learning alters neural pathways, and might lead to speedier drug development, scientists at Harvard have created genetically-altered ...
Neuroscience Nov 29, 2011 | 4.8 / 5 (5) | 0 |
Hydrogen peroxide isn't just that bottled colorless liquid in the back of the medicine cabinet that's used occasionally for cleaning scraped knees and cut fingers.
Medical research Nov 21, 2011 | 4.4 / 5 (9) | 1 |
A microorganism (from the Greek: μικρός, mikrós, "small" and ὀργανισμός, organismós, "organism"; also spelled micro organism or micro-organism) or microbe is an organism that is microscopic (usually too small to be seen by the naked human eye). The study of microorganisms is called microbiology, a subject that began with Anton van Leeuwenhoek's discovery of microorganisms in 1675, using a microscope of his own design.
Microorganisms are very diverse; they include bacteria, fungi, archaea, and protists; microscopic plants (called green algae); and animals such as plankton, the planarian and the amoeba. Some microbiologists also include viruses, but others consider these as non-living. Most microorganisms are unicellular (single-celled), but this is not universal, since some multicellular organisms are microscopic, while some unicellular protists and bacteria, like Thiomargarita namibiensis, are macroscopic and visible to the naked eye.
Microorganisms live in all parts of the biosphere where there is liquid water, including soil, hot springs, on the ocean floor, high in the atmosphere and deep inside rocks within the Earth's crust. Microorganisms are critical to nutrient recycling in ecosystems as they act as decomposers. As some microorganisms can fix nitrogen, they are a vital part of the nitrogen cycle, and recent studies indicate that airborne microbes may play a role in precipitation and weather.
Microbes are also exploited by people in biotechnology, both in traditional food and beverage preparation, and in modern technologies based on genetic engineering. However, pathogenic microbes are harmful, since they invade and grow within other organisms, causing diseases that kill millions of people, other animals, and plants.
For more information about Microorganism, read the full article at
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