News tagged with neurons

New theory of synapse formation in the brain

The human brain keeps changing throughout a person's lifetime. New connections are continually created while synapses that are no longer in use degenerate. To date, little is known about the mechanisms behind ...

Oct 10, 2013
popularity 5 / 5 (4) | comments 0 | with audio podcast

Enigmatic neurons help flies get oriented

As a tiny fruit fly navigates through its environment, it relies on visual landmarks to orient itself. Now, researchers at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute's Janelia Farm Research Campus have identified ...

Oct 10, 2013
popularity 5 / 5 (1) | comments 0 | with audio podcast

What happens when synapses run out of transmitter?

(Medical Xpress)—The recent Nobel Prize Award in Medicine highlights the importance of vesicle-based transport for different kinds of cells. One of the recipients, Thomas Sudhof, has contributed extensively to our current understanding of vesicl ...

Oct 09, 2013
popularity 4.6 / 5 (16) | comments 5 | with audio podcast report

Rett syndrome gene dysfunction redefined

Whitehead Institute researchers have redefined the function of a gene whose mutation causes Rett syndrome, a neurodevelopmental autism spectrum disorder. This new research offers an improved understanding of the defects found ...

Oct 03, 2013
popularity 5 / 5 (6) | comments 0 | with audio podcast

Protecting neurons in neurodegenerative disease

(Medical Xpress)—Neurobiologist from the Friedrich Miescher Institute for Biomedical Research proved that excitability protects motoneurons from degeneration in amyotropic lateral sclerosis, a rare neurodegenerative ...

Oct 03, 2013
popularity 5 / 5 (2) | comments 0 | with audio podcast