News tagged with nucleic acids
Cancer researchers have known for well over a century that different tumor types spread only to specific, preferred organs. But no one has been able to determine the mechanisms of organ specific metastasis, the so-called ...
Cancer May 29, 2012 | 4.8 / 5 (6) | 0 |
A new way to fight inflammation uses molecules called polymers to mop up the debris of damaged cells before the immune system becomes abnormally active, researchers at Duke University Medical Center report.
Inflammatory disorders Aug 15, 2011 | 4.8 / 5 (4) | 1 |
(Medical Xpress)—Free-floating pieces of DNA in a cell's watery interior can mean bad things: invading viruses, bacteria, or parasites, ruptured cellular membranes, or disease. Genetic material is meant to be contained ...
Medical research Dec 21, 2012 | 5 / 5 (3) | 0 |
High-throughput DNA sequencing technologies are leading to a revolution in how clinicians diagnose and treat cancer. The molecular profiles of individual tumors are beginning to be used in the design of chemotherapeutic ...
Cancer Feb 13, 2012 | 5 / 5 (2) | 0
Cancer is usually attributed to faulty genes, but growing evidence from the field of cancer epigenetics indicates a key role for the gene "silencing" proteins that stably turn genes off inside the cell nucleus. ...
Cancer Mar 13, 2012 | 5 / 5 (2) | 0 |
Why do we age, and what makes some of us live longer than others? For decades, researchers have been trying to answer these questions by elucidating the molecular causes of aging.
Medical research Jul 19, 2012 | 5 / 5 (2) | 0 |
Biomedical researchers studying aging and cancer are intensely interested in telomeres, the protective caps on the ends of chromosomes. In a new study, scientists at UC Santa Cruz used a novel technique to reveal structural ...
Medical research Jan 17, 2013 | 5 / 5 (2) | 0
A team led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) has identified specific cellular events that appear key to lupus, a debilitating autoimmune disease that afflicts tens of millions of people worldwide. The ...
Medical research Feb 04, 2013 | 5 / 5 (2) | 1 |
(Medical Xpress) -- Northwestern University chemists have synthesized a new form of DNA, one that can begin to be used to create new gene regulation therapies, for the prevention or treatment of diseases such as cancer.
Cancer Jun 03, 2011 | 4.5 / 5 (2) | 1 |
DNA, siRNA and miRNA can reprogram cancer cells – that is, if these nucleic acids could cross through the cell membrane. A University of Colorado Cancer Center study published today in the journal Therapeutic Delivery shows ...
Cancer Apr 02, 2013 | 4.5 / 5 (2) | 0 |
Researchers at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine have discovered a long-sought cellular factor that works to inhibit HIV infection of myeloid cells, a subset of white blood cells that display antigens and ...
HIV & AIDS Jun 29, 2011 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0 |
Study offers comprehensive look at chemical, genetic changes that occur as inflammation progresses to cancer
One of the biggest risk factors for liver, colon or stomach cancer is chronic inflammation of those organs, often caused by viral or bacterial infections. A new study from MIT offers the most comprehensive look yet at how ...
Inflammatory disorders Jun 11, 2012 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0 |
Prions, the causal agents of Mad Cow and other diseases, are very unique infectious particles. They are proteins in which the complex molecular three-dimensional folding process just went astray. For reasons not yet understood, ...
Cancer Jun 25, 2012 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0
Drugs are first to topically deliver gene therapy via commercial moisturizers for skin disease treatment
"Getting under your skin" takes on a brave new meaning thanks to Northwestern University research that could transform gene regulation.
Medical research Jul 02, 2012 | 5 / 5 (1) | 1 |
A compound that mops up debris of damaged cells from the bloodstream may be the first in a new class of drugs designed to address one of medicine's most difficult challenges -- stopping the formation of blood clots without ...
Medical research Jul 23, 2012 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0 |
A nucleic acid is a macromolecule composed of chains of monomeric nucleotides. In biochemistry these molecules carry genetic information or form structures within cells. The most common nucleic acids are deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA). Nucleic acids are universal in living things, as they are found in all cells and viruses. Nucleic acids were first discovered by Friedrich Miescher in 1871.
Artificial nucleic acids include peptide nucleic acid (PNA), Morpholino and locked nucleic acid (LNA), as well as glycol nucleic acid (GNA) and threose nucleic acid (TNA). Each of these is distinguished from naturally-occurring DNA or RNA by changes to the backbone of the molecule.
For more information about Nucleic acid, read the full article at
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