News tagged with receptors

Related topics: cells · protein · brain · molecules · nerve cells

3-D model of human retronasal olfactory sense

The sweetness of a peppermint candy can be experienced with the nose pinched shut, but flavor is detectable only when the pinch is released and volatiles in the candy are exhaled back into the nose where smell receptors exist.

Nov 10, 2015
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Receptor (biochemistry)

In biochemistry, a receptor is a protein molecule, embedded in either the plasma membrane or cytoplasm of a cell, to which a mobile signaling (or "signal") molecule may attach. A molecule which binds to a receptor is called a "ligand," and may be a peptide (such as a neurotransmitter), a hormone, a pharmaceutical drug, or a toxin, and when such binding occurs, the receptor undergoes a conformational change which ordinarily initiates a cellular response. However, some ligands merely block receptors without inducing any response (e.g. antagonists). Ligand-induced changes in receptors result in physiological changes which constitute the biological activity of the ligands.

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