News tagged with speech
African-Americans know the signs of stroke, but concerns about medical cost, ambulance response time and unfamiliarity with the need for prompt hospital care impacted whether they called 9-1-1 immediately.
Cardiology May 14, 2013 | not rated yet | 0
Scientists have long believed that human speech is processed towards the back of the brain's cerebral cortex, behind auditory cortex where all sounds are received -- a place famously known as Wernicke's area ...
Neuroscience Jan 30, 2012 | 4.6 / 5 (18) | 6 |
Secrets of human speech uncovered: Study shows brain exerts symphony-like control of vocal tract during act of speaking
A team of researchers at UC San Francisco has uncovered the neurological basis of speech motor control, the complex coordinated activity of tiny brain regions that controls our lips, jaw, tongue and larynx as we speak.
Neuroscience Feb 20, 2013 | 5 / 5 (3) | 0 |
As a bird sings, some neurons in its brain prepare to make the next sounds while others are synchronized with the current notes—a coordination of physical actions and brain activity that is needed to produce ...
Neuroscience Feb 27, 2013 | not rated yet | 2 |
(Medical Xpress)—Contrary to the prevailing theories that music and language are cognitively separate or that music is a byproduct of language, theorists at Rice University's Shepherd School of Music and the University ...
Psychology & Psychiatry Sep 18, 2012 | 5 / 5 (7) | 1 |
People with autism suffer from a pervasive developmental disorder of the brain that becomes evident in early childhood. Peter Scheiffele and Kaspar Vogt, Professors at the Biozentrum of the University of ...
Autism spectrum disorders Sep 14, 2012 | 4.9 / 5 (11) | 1 |
A century and a half ago, French physician Pierre Paul Broca found that patients with damage to part of the brain's frontal lobe were unable to speak more than a few words. Later dubbed Broca's area, this ...
Neuroscience Oct 16, 2012 | 3.8 / 5 (5) | 1 |
New research links motor skills and perception, specifically as it relates to a second finding—a new understanding of what the left and right brain hemispheres "hear." Georgetown University Medical Center researchers say ...
Neuroscience Oct 14, 2012 | 5 / 5 (7) | 1 |
Applying information theory to linguistics suggests 'functional design' in cross-language variations
The majority of languages—roughly 85 percent of them—can be sorted into two categories: those, like English, in which the basic sentence form is subject-verb-object ("the girl kicks the ball"), and those, ...
Psychology & Psychiatry Oct 10, 2012 | 5 / 5 (3) | 1 |
Aphasia, an impairment in speaking and understanding language after a stroke, is frustrating both for victims and their loved ones. In two talks Saturday, Feb. 16, 2013, at the conference of the American ...
Neuroscience Feb 16, 2013 | not rated yet | 0
Non-musicians who speak tonal languages may have a better ear for learning musical notes, according to Canadian researchers.
Psychology & Psychiatry Apr 02, 2013 | 5 / 5 (4) | 2 |
(Medical Xpress) -- To participate successfully in life, it is important to be able to read and write. Nevertheless, many children and adults have difficulties in acquiring these skills and the reason is not ...
Neuroscience Aug 07, 2012 | 5 / 5 (7) | 2 |
Babies don't learn to talk just from hearing sounds. New research suggests they're lip-readers too.
Autism spectrum disorders Jan 16, 2012 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0
The ability of infants to recognize speech is more sophisticated than previously known, researchers in New York University's Department of Psychology have found. Their study, which appears in the journal Developmental Ps ...
Psychology & Psychiatry Jul 17, 2012 | 4.8 / 5 (5) | 1 |
(Medical Xpress) -- Proving that science isn’t always just fun and games, two researchers with music backgrounds have conducted experiments to get to the bottom of why people are so adversely effected ...
Medical research Nov 03, 2011 | 3.8 / 5 (6) | 8
Speech is the vocalization form of human communication. It is based upon the syntactic combination of lexicals and names that are drawn from very large (usually >10,000 different words) vocabularies. Each spoken word is created out of the phonetic combination of a limited set of vowel and consonant speech sound units. These vocabularies, the syntax which structures them, and their set of speech sound units, differ creating the existence of many thousands of different types of mutually unintelligible human languages. Human speakers are often polyglot able to communicate in two or more of them. The vocal abilities that enable humans to produce speech also provide humans with the ability to sing.
A gestural form of human communication exists for the deaf in the form of sign language. Speech in some cultures has become the basis of a written language, often one that differs in its vocabulary, syntax and phonetics from its associated spoken one, a situation called diglossia. Speech in addition to its use in communication, it is suggested by some psychologists such as Vygotsky is internally used by mental processes to enhance and organize cognition in the form of an interior monologue.
Speech is researched in terms of the speech production and speech perception of the sounds used in spoken language. Several academic disciplines study these including acoustics, psychology, speech pathology, linguistics, cognitive science, communication studies, otolaryngology and computer science. Another area of research is how the human brain in its different areas such as the Broca's area and Wernicke's area underlies speech.
It is controversial how far human speech is unique in that other animals also communicate with vocalizations. While none in the wild uses syntax nor compatibly large vocabularies, research upon the nonverbal abilities of language trained apes such as Washoe and Kanzi raises the possibility that they might have these capabilities.
The origins of speech are unknown and subject to much debate and speculation.
For more information about Speech, read the full article at
This text uses material from Wikipedia and is available under the GNU Free Documentation License.