News tagged with speech
As a bird sings, some neurons in its brain prepare to make the next sounds while others are synchronized with the current notes—a coordination of physical actions and brain activity that is needed to produce ...
Neuroscience Feb 27, 2013 | not rated yet | 2 |
Secrets of human speech uncovered: Study shows brain exerts symphony-like control of vocal tract during act of speaking
A team of researchers at UC San Francisco has uncovered the neurological basis of speech motor control, the complex coordinated activity of tiny brain regions that controls our lips, jaw, tongue and larynx as we speak.
Neuroscience Feb 20, 2013 | 5 / 5 (3) | 0 |
A century and a half ago, French physician Pierre Paul Broca found that patients with damage to part of the brain's frontal lobe were unable to speak more than a few words. Later dubbed Broca's area, this ...
Neuroscience Oct 16, 2012 | 3.8 / 5 (5) | 1 |
Scientists have long believed that human speech is processed towards the back of the brain's cerebral cortex, behind auditory cortex where all sounds are received -- a place famously known as Wernicke's area ...
Neuroscience Jan 30, 2012 | 4.6 / 5 (18) | 6 |
Non-musicians who speak tonal languages may have a better ear for learning musical notes, according to Canadian researchers.
Psychology & Psychiatry Apr 02, 2013 | 5 / 5 (4) | 2 |
Children with brain lesions suffered before or around the time of birth are able to use gestures – an important aspect of the language learning process– to convey simple sentences, a Georgia State University researcher ...
Psychology & Psychiatry Feb 20, 2013 | not rated yet | 0 |
Aphasia, an impairment in speaking and understanding language after a stroke, is frustrating both for victims and their loved ones. In two talks Saturday, Feb. 16, 2013, at the conference of the American ...
Neuroscience Feb 16, 2013 | not rated yet | 0
(Medical Xpress)—Stroke victims affected with loss of speech caused by Broca's aphasia have been shown to speak fluidly through the use of a process called "speech entrainment" developed by researchers ...
Neuroscience Jan 16, 2013 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0 |
(Medical Xpress)—A new form of iron may hold the clue that leads to treatment for a fatal inherited nervous system disease that can cause gait disturbance, speech problems, heart disease, diabetes and other ...
Medical research Nov 23, 2012 | 5 / 5 (4) | 0 |
(Medical Xpress)—Health professionals may soon have a new method of diagnosing Parkinson's disease, one that is noninvasive and inexpensive, and, in early testing, has proved to be effective more than 90 percent of the ...
Parkinson's & Movement disorders Nov 20, 2012 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0 |
A new study has revealed that those with congenital amusia (commonly refereed to as tone-deafness) have trouble decoding emotions in speech and find it hard to pick up on emotional cues in conversation.
Psychology & Psychiatry Oct 30, 2012 | 1 / 5 (1) | 0 |
Help is on the way for people who suffer from vocal cord dysfunction. Researchers are developing methods that will contribute to manufacturing voice prostheses with improved affective features. For example, for little girls ...
Psychology & Psychiatry Oct 24, 2012 | not rated yet | 0 |
New research links motor skills and perception, specifically as it relates to a second finding—a new understanding of what the left and right brain hemispheres "hear." Georgetown University Medical Center researchers say ...
Neuroscience Oct 14, 2012 | 5 / 5 (7) | 1 |
Applying information theory to linguistics suggests 'functional design' in cross-language variations
The majority of languages—roughly 85 percent of them—can be sorted into two categories: those, like English, in which the basic sentence form is subject-verb-object ("the girl kicks the ball"), and those, ...
Psychology & Psychiatry Oct 10, 2012 | 5 / 5 (3) | 1 |
(Medical Xpress)—Contrary to the prevailing theories that music and language are cognitively separate or that music is a byproduct of language, theorists at Rice University's Shepherd School of Music and the University ...
Psychology & Psychiatry Sep 18, 2012 | 5 / 5 (7) | 1 |
Speech is the vocalization form of human communication. It is based upon the syntactic combination of lexicals and names that are drawn from very large (usually >10,000 different words) vocabularies. Each spoken word is created out of the phonetic combination of a limited set of vowel and consonant speech sound units. These vocabularies, the syntax which structures them, and their set of speech sound units, differ creating the existence of many thousands of different types of mutually unintelligible human languages. Human speakers are often polyglot able to communicate in two or more of them. The vocal abilities that enable humans to produce speech also provide humans with the ability to sing.
A gestural form of human communication exists for the deaf in the form of sign language. Speech in some cultures has become the basis of a written language, often one that differs in its vocabulary, syntax and phonetics from its associated spoken one, a situation called diglossia. Speech in addition to its use in communication, it is suggested by some psychologists such as Vygotsky is internally used by mental processes to enhance and organize cognition in the form of an interior monologue.
Speech is researched in terms of the speech production and speech perception of the sounds used in spoken language. Several academic disciplines study these including acoustics, psychology, speech pathology, linguistics, cognitive science, communication studies, otolaryngology and computer science. Another area of research is how the human brain in its different areas such as the Broca's area and Wernicke's area underlies speech.
It is controversial how far human speech is unique in that other animals also communicate with vocalizations. While none in the wild uses syntax nor compatibly large vocabularies, research upon the nonverbal abilities of language trained apes such as Washoe and Kanzi raises the possibility that they might have these capabilities.
The origins of speech are unknown and subject to much debate and speculation.
For more information about Speech, read the full article at
This text uses material from Wikipedia and is available under the GNU Free Documentation License.