Sports Medicine & Kinesiology

Marathoners, take your marks... and fluid and salt!

Legend states that after the Greek army defeated the invading Persian forces near the city of Marathon in 490 B.C.E., the courier Pheidippides ran to Athens to report the victory and then immediately dropped dead. The story—and ...

Medications

Compound offers prospects for preventing acute kidney failure

Russian researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, the Institute of Cell Biophysics, and elsewhere have shown an antioxidant compound known as peroxiredoxin to be effective in treating kidney injury ...

Medical research

Using AI to predict acute kidney injury

A team of researchers from DeepMind, the U.S. Veterans Administration and several other institutions in the U.K. and the U.S. has applied artificial intelligence to the problem of detecting acute kidney injury in hospitalized ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Acute kidney injury linked to pre-existing kidney health, study finds

Physicians treating hospitalized patients for conditions unrelated to the kidneys should pay close attention to common blood and urine tests for kidney function in order to prevent incidental injury to the organs that help ...

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Acute kidney injury (AKI), previously called acute renal failure (ARF), is a rapid loss of kidney function. Its causes are numerous and include low blood volume from any cause, exposure to substances harmful to the kidney, and obstruction of the urinary tract. AKI is diagnosed on the basis of characteristic laboratory findings, such as elevated blood urea nitrogen and creatinine, or inability of the kidneys to produce sufficient amounts of urine. AKI may lead to a number of complications, including metabolic acidosis, high potassium levels, uremia, changes in body fluid balance, and effects to other organ systems. Management includes supportive care, such as renal replacement therapy, as well as treatment of the underlying disorder.

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