Diabetes

Outcomes worse for children with type 1 diabetes who are Black

Black children with type 1 diabetes (T1D) experience disparities in health outcomes compared with other racial and ethnic groups with similar neighborhood opportunity profiles, according to a study published online May 5 ...

Medical research

COVID-19 can directly infect and damage human kidney cells

The virus that causes COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, can directly infect a specialized type of kidney cell. The discovery helps explain why acute kidney injury is one of the main complications observed in patients with severe COVID-19, ...

Medical research

The right diet can safeguard against acute kidney injury

A research team led by Professor Dr. Roman-Ulrich Müller has established that four out of six different nutritional strategies prevent acute kidney injury in a mouse model. Furthermore, the team has identified a potential ...

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Acute kidney injury (AKI), previously called acute renal failure (ARF), is a rapid loss of kidney function. Its causes are numerous and include low blood volume from any cause, exposure to substances harmful to the kidney, and obstruction of the urinary tract. AKI is diagnosed on the basis of characteristic laboratory findings, such as elevated blood urea nitrogen and creatinine, or inability of the kidneys to produce sufficient amounts of urine. AKI may lead to a number of complications, including metabolic acidosis, high potassium levels, uremia, changes in body fluid balance, and effects to other organ systems. Management includes supportive care, such as renal replacement therapy, as well as treatment of the underlying disorder.

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