Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Among COVID-19 survivors, an increased risk of death, serious illness

As the COVID-19 pandemic has progressed, it has become clear that many survivors—even those who had mild cases—continue to manage a variety of health problems long after the initial infection should have resolved. In ...

Cardiology

Early warning system for intensive care units

Postoperative bleeding and acute kidney injury are among the most dangerous complications after heart or cardiovascular surgery. The earlier doctors or nurses recognize them, the greater the chance of being able to intervene ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Decline in kidney function faster after COVID-19-related AKI

(HealthDay)—For patients with in-hospital acute kidney injury (AKI), those with COVID-19-associated AKI have a greater rate of decrease in the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) after discharge, according to a ...

Genetics

Researchers find disease-related gene changes in kidney tissue

Researchers from Indiana University have identified key genetic changes in the interstitial kidney tissue of people with diabetes, a discovery that signifies the potential for a revolutionary new genetic approach to the treatment ...

Diabetes

Kidney injury in diabetic ketoacidosis linked to brain injury

Researchers from a consortium of hospitals including Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) have identified factors that make children with diabetic ketoacidosis more likely to experience acute kidney injury. Analyzing ...

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Acute kidney injury (AKI), previously called acute renal failure (ARF), is a rapid loss of kidney function. Its causes are numerous and include low blood volume from any cause, exposure to substances harmful to the kidney, and obstruction of the urinary tract. AKI is diagnosed on the basis of characteristic laboratory findings, such as elevated blood urea nitrogen and creatinine, or inability of the kidneys to produce sufficient amounts of urine. AKI may lead to a number of complications, including metabolic acidosis, high potassium levels, uremia, changes in body fluid balance, and effects to other organ systems. Management includes supportive care, such as renal replacement therapy, as well as treatment of the underlying disorder.

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