Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

In-hospital morbidity, mortality up with flu in heart failure

(HealthDay)—For patients with heart failure, influenza infection is associated with increased in-hospital morbidity and mortality, according to a study published online Jan. 3 in JACC: Heart Failure.

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Acute kidney injury linked to higher risk of dementia

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is linked with a higher risk of developing dementia, according to a study that will be presented at ASN Kidney Week 2018 October 23-October 28 at the San Diego Convention Center.

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Molecular subtypes linked to outcomes in acute kidney injury

(HealthDay)—Two molecularly distinct sub-phenotypes of acute kidney injury (AKI) are associated with different clinical outcomes and response to vasopressin therapy, according to a study recently published in the American ...

Cancer

Immunotherapy side effects may be more common than thought

(HealthDay)—Adverse events for immune checkpoint inhibitors used to treat non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) may be more common in real-world settings than reported in the clinical trials that led to U.S. Food and Drug ...

Cardiology

Higher risk for amputation, DKA with SGLT2 inhibitors for T2DM

(HealthDay)—Use of sodium glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors is associated with an increased risk for lower-limb amputation and diabetic ketoacidosis compared with use of glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP1) receptor ...

Cardiology

Statins have low risk of side effects

The cholesterol-lowering drugs called statins have demonstrated substantial benefits in reducing the risk of heart attacks and strokes caused by blood clots (ischemic strokes) in at-risk patients. Since statins are associated ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Acute kidney injury linked to pre-existing kidney health, study finds

Physicians treating hospitalized patients for conditions unrelated to the kidneys should pay close attention to common blood and urine tests for kidney function in order to prevent incidental injury to the organs that help ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Acute kidney injury, chronic kidney disease each a risk of the other

Acute kidney injury (AKI) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are closely intertwined, with each disease a risk factor for developing the other and sharing other risk factors in common, as well as sharing causes for the diseases ...

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Acute kidney injury (AKI), previously called acute renal failure (ARF), is a rapid loss of kidney function. Its causes are numerous and include low blood volume from any cause, exposure to substances harmful to the kidney, and obstruction of the urinary tract. AKI is diagnosed on the basis of characteristic laboratory findings, such as elevated blood urea nitrogen and creatinine, or inability of the kidneys to produce sufficient amounts of urine. AKI may lead to a number of complications, including metabolic acidosis, high potassium levels, uremia, changes in body fluid balance, and effects to other organ systems. Management includes supportive care, such as renal replacement therapy, as well as treatment of the underlying disorder.

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