Neuroscience

Two treatments for autism found to help toddlers equally

A study in the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (JAACAP), published by Elsevier, reports that the type of one-on-one treatment plans delivered to toddlers, aged 12-30 months, diagnosed with ...

Neuroscience

Researchers find the adhesions that build the brain's networks

The brain's neurons tend to get most of the scientific attention, but a set of cells around them called astrocytes—literally, star-shaped cells—are increasingly being viewed as crucial players in guiding a brain to become ...

Neuroscience

Is autism linked to a more 'male' brain?

Researchers have been investigating an intriguing theory that links autism to having an 'extreme male brain' – but have found it is not that simple.

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The term "autism spectrum" is often used to describe disorders that are currently classified as pervasive developmental disorders. Pervasive developmental disorders include autism, Asperger syndrome, Childhood disintegrative disorder, Rett syndrome and Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified. These disorders are typically characterized by social deficits, communication difficulties, stereotyped or repetitive behaviors and interests, and/or cognitive delays. Although these diagnoses share some common features, individuals with these disorders are thought to be "on the spectrum" because of differences in severity across these domains.

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