Insulin has long been known as the hormone which controls the body's sugar levels: humans who lack or are insensitive to insulin develop diabetes. Although insulin is also made and released in the brain, its effects there ...
Increasingly, evidence supports the idea that the immune system, which protects our bodies from foreign invaders, plays a part in Alzheimer's disease. But the exact role of immunity in the disease is still a mystery.
Researchers in Japan have revealed the molecular mechanism involved in the process of repair to damage of the myelin sheath.
Savoring a beautiful sunset and the positive emotions associated with it can contribute to improved well-being, according to research. But why and how are some people better than others in keeping the feeling alive?
Why do some youngsters bounce back quickly from a traumatic brain injury, while others suffer devastating side effects for years?
Researchers from Trinity College Dublin have discovered that specialised 'astrocytes' abandon their posts as protectors and repairers of the brain when primed by the neurodegeneration of cells around them.
Researchers in the US have used rats and mice to explore how sleep posture alters the way in which toxic proteins are cleared from the brain. The research was published in the Journal of Neuroscience on 10 August.
Researchers at the University at Buffalo have identified a critical step in myelination after birth that has significance for treating neurodegenerative diseases like multiple sclerosis, in which myelin is lost or damaged. ...
Macrophages are cellular sentinels in the body, assigned to identify "attacks" from viruses, bacteria, or fungi and sound the alarm when they are present. However, these cells are a "double edged sword" in spinal cord injury, ...
Relying on the better-functioning side of the body after a stroke can cause brain changes that hinder rehabilitation of the impaired side, according to an animal study published June 3 in the Journal of Neuroscience.