Obstetrics & Gynecology

Obstetrics and gynaecology (or obstetrics and gynecology; often abbreviated to OB/GYN, OBG, O or Obs & Gynae) are the two surgical–medical specialties dealing with the female reproductive organs in their pregnant and non-pregnant state, respectively, and as such are often combined to form a single medical specialty and postgraduate training programme. This combined training prepares the practising OB/GYN to be adept at the surgical management of the entire scope of clinical pathology involving female reproductive organs, and to provide care for both pregnant and non-pregnant patients. In veterinary medicine, theriogenology is more commonly used term that also includes andrology. The training for physicians in this field is quite long: in Australia, for example, the residency training period is among the longest at six years, matched only by neurosurgery and maxillofacial surgery. In the United States, four years in residency is required. In India, post graduate training in obstetrics and gynaecology is in the form of a two-year diploma course (DGO) or a three-year (MD or MS). Some OB/GYN surgeons elect to do further subspecialty training in programmes known as fellowships after

Publisher
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins on behalf of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
Country
United States
History
1953-present
Impact factor
4.357 (2009)

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Obstetrics & gynaecology

Major complications after abortion are extremely rare, study shows

In the most comprehensive look yet at the safety of abortion, researchers at UC San Francisco have concluded that major complications are rare, occurring less than a quarter of a percent of the time, about the same frequency ...

Obstetrics & gynaecology

Ondansetron in pregnancy not linked to most birth defects

(HealthDay)—Use of ondansetron for the treatment of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy does not appear to be associated with birth defects, according to research published in the August issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Obstetrics & gynaecology

Care update for newborn with meconium-stained amniotic fluid

(HealthDay)—In a Committee Opinion published in the March issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology, guidelines are updated for the management of delivery of newborns with meconium-stained amniotic fluid.

Obstetrics & gynaecology

Abortion rates plummet with free birth control

Providing birth control to women at no cost substantially reduced unplanned pregnancies and cut abortion rates by 62 percent to 78 percent over the national rate, a new study shows.

Obstetrics & gynaecology

ACOG updates guidelines for gestational HTN, preeclampsia

(HealthDay)—The American College of Obstetricians & Gynecologists (ACOG) has updated its guidance on the management of gestational hypertension and preeclampsia as well as chronic hypertension in pregnant women; the two ...

Obstetrics & gynaecology

Many women don't lose those pregnancy pounds, study finds

(HealthDay)—Women's fears that pregnancy pounds will linger are validated by new research that suggests three-quarters of new mothers are heavier a year after giving birth than they were before becoming pregnant.

Obstetrics & gynaecology

Herbals in pregnancy may endanger mom, baby

(HealthDay)—During pregnancy, even harmless-sounding "natural" supplements should be avoided, a new research review suggests.

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