Obstetrics & Gynecology

Obstetrics and gynaecology (or obstetrics and gynecology; often abbreviated to OB/GYN, OBG, O or Obs & Gynae) are the two surgical–medical specialties dealing with the female reproductive organs in their pregnant and non-pregnant state, respectively, and as such are often combined to form a single medical specialty and postgraduate training programme. This combined training prepares the practising OB/GYN to be adept at the surgical management of the entire scope of clinical pathology involving female reproductive organs, and to provide care for both pregnant and non-pregnant patients. In veterinary medicine, theriogenology is more commonly used term that also includes andrology. The training for physicians in this field is quite long: in Australia, for example, the residency training period is among the longest at six years, matched only by neurosurgery and maxillofacial surgery. In the United States, four years in residency is required. In India, post graduate training in obstetrics and gynaecology is in the form of a two-year diploma course (DGO) or a three-year (MD or MS). Some OB/GYN surgeons elect to do further subspecialty training in programmes known as fellowships after

Publisher
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins on behalf of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
Country
United States
History
1953-present
Impact factor
4.357 (2009)

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Obstetrics & gynaecology

2011 FDA safety message tied to drop in transvaginal mesh use

(HealthDay)—A 2011 U.S. Food and Drug Administration safety communication correlated with a significant decline in transvaginal mesh use for treatment of apical prolapse, according to a study published online Sept. 10 in ...

Obstetrics & gynaecology

Supine, non-left-sided sleep not linked to pregnancy outcomes

(HealthDay)—Supine or non-left-sided sleep through 30 weeks of gestation is not associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes, according to a study published online Sept. 10 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Medications

Cesarean section quality initiative cuts opioid use

(HealthDay)—The enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) program, a quality improvement initiative that made changes to preoperative and postoperative processes, leads to reductions in opioid use without increased pain and ...

Obstetrics & gynaecology

Adherence to surgical guidelines low for salpingo-oophorectomy

(HealthDay)—Only two-thirds of all health care providers are fully adherent to surgical guidelines for risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy, according to a study published online Aug. 7 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Surgery

Reducing exposure to opioids after cesarean delivery

An effort to improve the scheduled cesarean section delivery experience found that changes to preoperative and postoperative processes can lead to reductions in opioid use without increased pain and with faster recovery, ...

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