ASCO: Experimental vaccine made from frozen immune cells shows promise for prostate cancer patients

June 2, 2011

Metastatic prostate cancer patients who received an investigational vaccine made from their own frozen immune cells lived 10 months longer than those not treated with it, according to data being presented by researchers from the Kimmel Cancer Center at Jefferson at the 2011 American Society of Clinical Oncology annual meeting in Chicago on Saturday, June 4.

In an exploratory, multi-institutional analysis, researchers administered the vaccine APC8015F to a group of patients from the control arm of three randomized, Phase 3 clinical trials evaluating sipuleucel-T, a similar, FDA-approved for metastatic castrate resistant prostate cancer.

APC8015F is made from taken from a patient with prostate cancer; however, unlike sipuleucel-T, which is never frozen, APC8015F is cryopreserved at a time before the disease progressed.

Results from the analysis showed that patients treated with APC8015F had improved survival relative to the patients who were not treated in the control arm. Following disease progression, the median survival of patients treated with APC8015F was 20.0 months compared to 9.8 months for control patients.

"The study is important because it suggests that the sipuleucel-T therapy may have extended survival for a longer time than estimated in the clinical trials due to the beneficial effects of the frozen product on some men who initially received the placebo," said Leonard Gomella, M.D., Chair of Urology at Jefferson's Kimmel Cancer Center in Philadelphia. "Further, the clinical activity of the frozen-activated product is maintained."

Post-progression treatment with APC8015F, which is not FDA approved, may have extended survival of subjects, potentially reducing the magnitude of survival difference observed between sipuleucel-T and controls in .

Sipuleucel-T is FDA approved under the brand name Provenge to treat men with advanced that is asymptomatic or minimally symptomatic and no longer responding to hormonal therapy.

More information: ABSTRACT #4534

Related Stories

Recommended for you

Combination immunotherapy targets cancer resistance

November 22, 2017
Cancer immunotherapy drugs have had notable but limited success because in many cases, tumors develop resistance to treatment. But researchers at Yale and Stanford have identified an experimental antibody that overcomes this ...

Researchers discover specific tumor environment that triggers cells to metastasize

November 21, 2017
A team of bioengineers and bioinformaticians at the University of California San Diego have discovered how the environment surrounding a tumor can trigger metastatic behavior in cancer cells. Specifically, when tumor cells ...

New study points the way to therapy for rare cancer that targets the young

November 21, 2017
After years of rigorous research, a team of scientists has identified the genetic engine that drives a rare form of liver cancer. The findings offer prime targets for drugs to treat the usually lethal disease, fibrolamellar ...

Clinical trial suggests new cell therapy for relapsed leukemia patients

November 20, 2017
A significant proportion of children and young adults with treatment-resistant B-cell leukemia who participated in a small study achieved remission with the help of a new form of gene therapy, according to researchers at ...

Cell-weighing method could help doctors choose cancer drugs

November 20, 2017
Doctors have many drugs available to treat multiple myeloma, a type of blood cancer. However, there is no way to predict, by genetic markers or other means, how a patient will respond to a particular drug. This can lead to ...

Researchers discover a new target for 'triple-negative' breast cancer

November 20, 2017
So-called "triple-negative" breast cancer is a particularly aggressive and difficult-to-treat form. It accounts for only about 10 percent of breast cancer cases, but is responsible for about 25 percent of breast cancer fatalities.

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.