Stroke rate 25 percent higher for Metis

October 4, 2011

The stroke rate among Manitoba Metis is nearly 25 percent higher than for other Manitobans, according to a study by the University of Manitoba and the Manitoba Metis Federation (MMF) presented today at the Canadian Stroke Congress.

The higher stroke rate is driven by a 53 percent higher smoking rate, 34 percent higher rate of diabetes, and 13 percent higher rate of among Metis aged 40 years and older, compared to all other Manitobans. High blood pressure, smoking and diabetes are leading for stroke.

"Being historically of both First Nation and European ancestries, but not really identifying as either one, Metis are a very unique people, but little research has been done on this population," says Dr. Judith Bartlett of the University of Manitoba and the MMF. "It's really difficult for a health system to put in place Metis-specific programs if they don't understand what that means. Our job through this study is to link the with the Metis to bridge that ."

The study linked the MMF membership list and several Canadian Community cycles with Manitoba Health's hospital records throughout the province to create the Metis Population Data-Base, a one-of-a-kind registry of the 73,000 Metis in the province.

"Despite universal health care, it is clear that stroke and related conditions are even more significant issues for Manitoba Metis than for all other residents in the province," the study says.

What are called "knowledge networks" of Metis and provincial Regional Health Authority (RHA) staff have now been established in each of the Manitoba Metis Federation's seven regions to look at the information from the study and interpret it within a local context, says Julianne Sanguins, Ph.D, of the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Manitoba and the MMF.

During the first few meetings of these knowledge networks, Metis Regions learned about available resources and the health-care providers discovered the strength of the Metis presence in their community, Dr. Sanguins says.

The ultimate purpose of these networks is to raise awareness about existing health services and then to make any necessary changes to the programs in each of the MMF/RHA regions to better meet the cultural needs of the Metis citizens.

"It is important to learn more about the unique health challenges of Canada's Metis population in order to control risk factors and prevent stroke," says Dr. Antoine Hakim, CEO and Scientific Director of the Canadian Stroke Network. "This study provides valuable information to create targeted education and outreach initiatives.''

"Aboriginal people are twice as likely to die from stroke than the general Canadian population," says Heart and Stroke Foundation spokesperson Dr. Michael Hill. "They are more likely to have high blood pressure and type 2 diabetes, putting First Nations, Inuit and Metis people at an even greater risk of than the general population."

He says that culturally appropriate prevention strategies and novel health-care solutions will improve outcomes. "Awareness of how to control risk factors such as high , obesity, physical activity, diabetes, and smoking is essential."

Explore further: Smoking causes stroke to occur

Related Stories

Smoking causes stroke to occur

October 3, 2011
Not only are smokers twice as likely to have strokes, they are almost a decade younger than non-smokers when they have them, according to a study presented today at the Canadian Stroke Congress.

High-risk stroke patients more likely to get follow-up care after motivational talk

August 4, 2011
Even though many Americans learn through community health screenings that they are at high risk for having a stroke, they rarely follow-up with their doctor for care.

Recommended for you

Blowing smoke? E-cigarettes might help smokers quit

July 26, 2017
People who used e-cigarettes were more likely to kick the habit than those who didn't, a new study found.

Brain disease seen in most football players in large report

July 25, 2017
Research on 202 former football players found evidence of a brain disease linked to repeated head blows in nearly all of them, from athletes in the National Football League, college and even high school.

Safety of medical devices not often evaluated by sex, age, or race

July 25, 2017
Researchers at Yale and the University of California-San Francisco have found that few medical devices are analyzed to consider the influence of their users' sex, age, or race on safety and effectiveness.

Why you should consider more than looks when choosing a fitness tracker

July 25, 2017
A UNSW study of five popular physical activity monitors, including Fitbit and Jawbone models, has found their accuracy differs with the speed of activity, and where they are worn.

Dog walking could be key to ensuring activity in later life

July 24, 2017
A new study has shown that regularly walking a dog boosts levels of physical activity in older people, especially during the winter.

Study finds 275,000 calls to poison control centers for dietary supplement exposures from 2000 through 2012

July 24, 2017
U.S. Poison Control Centers receive a call every 24 minutes, on average, regarding dietary supplement exposures, according to a new study from the Center for Injury Research and Policy and the Central Ohio Poison Center, ...

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.