Developmental outcomes good for late preterm infants in NICU

October 1, 2012
Developmental outcomes good for late preterm infants in NICU
Late preterm infants, born at 34 to 36 weeks of gestation, who receive intensive care, have similar cognitive, motor, and language skills at age 3 as late preterm infants who do not receive intensive care, according to a study published online Oct. 1 in Pediatrics.

(HealthDay)—Late preterm infants (LPIs), born at 34 to 36 weeks of gestation, who receive intensive care, have similar cognitive, motor, and language skills at age 3 as LPIs who did not receive intensive care, according to a study published online Oct. 1 in Pediatrics.

To examine the impact of neonatal intensive or high-dependency care (IC) on at 3 years of age, Jennifer E. McGowan, Ph.D., R.N., from Queen's University Belfast in the United Kingdom, and colleagues conducted a involving 225 children born late preterm in Northern Ireland during 2006.

The researchers found that LPI infants who received IC were more often less mature (34 weeks of gestation) than LPI infants who did not receive IC () and had lower (≤2,500 g) and Apgar scores (<7 at five minutes). LPIs who received IC were more likely than controls to have received resuscitation at birth and to have been born by cesarean delivery. Compared with children in the control group, those born late preterm who received IC had similar cognitive, motor, and language skills at 3 years of age. There was no significant difference in measurements of growth between the groups.

"Despite having increased maternal, perinatal, and neonatal risk factors, there were no significant differences in early childhood development between LPIs who received IC and those who did not," the authors write. "LPIs do not receive routine follow-up after IC and this study provides useful and reassuring data for parents and clinicians on the longer-term outcome of this infant group."

Explore further: Insulin sensitivity lower in adults born preterm

More information: Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Related Stories

Insulin sensitivity lower in adults born preterm

September 27, 2012
(HealthDay)—Middle-aged adults who were born preterm, even moderately preterm (32 to 36 weeks' gestation), are less insulin sensitive compared with adults who were born at term, according to research published in the October ...

Study identifies risk factors associated with death of extremely low birth weight infants after NICU

February 9, 2012
Preterm infants born with extremely low birth weights have an increased risk of death during the first year of life. Although researchers have extensively studied risk factors that could contribute to the death of preterm ...

No increase in preterm delivery with Ramadan fasting

August 7, 2012
(HealthDay) -- Pregnant women who fast during the month of Ramadan do not have an increased risk of preterm delivery, regardless of when during gestation the fasting occurs, according to research published online July 25 ...

Recommended for you

New comparison chart sheds light on babies' tears

July 10, 2017
A chart that enables parents and clinicians to calculate if a baby is crying more than it should in the first three months of its life has been created by a Kingston University London researcher, following a study of colic ...

Blood of SIDS infants contains high levels of serotonin

July 3, 2017
Blood samples from infants who died of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) had high levels of serotonin, a chemical that carries signals along and between nerves, according to a study funded in part by the National Institutes ...

Is your child's 'penicillin allergy' real?

July 3, 2017
(HealthDay)—Many children suspected of being allergic to the inexpensive, first-line antibiotic penicillin actually aren't, new research indicates.

Probiotic supplements failed to prevent babies' infections

July 3, 2017
(HealthDay)—Probiotic supplements may not protect babies from catching colds or stomach bugs in day care, a new clinical trial suggests.

Starting school young can put child wellbeing at risk

June 22, 2017
New research has shown that the youngest pupils in each school year group could be at risk of worse mental health than their older classmates.

Fidget spinners are the latest toy craze, but the medical benefits are unclear

June 21, 2017
Last week, German customs agents in Frankfurt Airport seized 35 metric tons of an imported plastic device, destroying the shipment for public safety purposes before it could infiltrate the country's marketplaces.

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.