Regardless of exercise, too much sedentary time is linked to major disability after 60

February 19, 2014

If you're 60 and older, every additional hour a day you spend sitting is linked to doubling the risk of being disabled—regardless of how much moderate exercise you get, reports a new Northwestern Medicine study.

The study is the first to show sedentary behavior is its own risk factor for disability, separate from lack of moderate vigorous . In fact, sedentary behavior is almost as strong a risk factor for disability as lack of .

If there are two 65-year-old women, one sedentary for 12 hours a day and another sedentary for 13 hours a day, the second one is 50 percent more likely to be disabled, the study found.

"This is the first time we've shown sedentary behavior was related to increased disability regardless of the amount of moderate exercise," said Dorothy Dunlop, professor of medicine at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine and lead author of the study. "Being sedentary is not just a synonym for inadequate physical activity."

Disability affects more than 56 million Americans. It's defined by limitations in being able to do basic activities such as eating, dressing or bathing oneself, getting in and out of bed and walking across a room. Disability increases the risk of hospitalization and institutionalization and is a leading source of , accounting for $1 in $4 spent.

The study will be published February 19 in the Journal of Physical Activity & Health.

The finding—that being sedentary was almost as strong a risk factor for disability as lack of moderate vigorous activity—surprised Dunlop.

"It means older adults need to reduce the amount of time they spend sitting, whether in front of the TV or at the computer, regardless of their participation in moderate or vigorous activity," she said.

The study focused on a sample of 2,286 adults aged 60 and older from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. It compared people in similar health with the same amount of moderate vigorous activity. Moderate activity is walking briskly, as if you are late to an appointment.

The participants wore accelerometers from 2002 to 2005 to measure their sedentary time and moderate . The accelerometer monitoring is significant because it is objective. The older and heavier people are, the more they tend to overestimate their physical activity. Previous research indicated a relationship between sedentary behavior and disability but it was based on self-reports and, thus, couldn't be verified.

Because the study examines data at one point in time, it doesn't definitively determine sedentary behavior causes disability. "It draws attention to the fact that this is a potential problem," said Dunlop, who is doing a longitudinal study on and disability risk.

Studies with animals have shown immobility is a separate risk factor for negative effects on health. "This is the first piece of objective evidence that corroborates the animal data," Dunlop said.

To cut down on sitting time, Dunlop has the following suggestions:

  1. Stand up when you talk on the phone or during a work meeting.
  2. When you go to grocery store or mall, park in a space farthest away.
  3. When you get up to have glass of water, walk around the house or office.
  4. Walk for short errands instead of taking the car.
  5. Take the stairs instead of the elevator, if you are able.

Dunlop wears a device on her wrist that tracks her steps and is synced to her smartphone and computer. She's created a social circle with her friends and family, so they can keep track of each other's progress.

"It's great reinforcement to keep moving," Dunlop said.

Rowland Chang, M.D., senior associate dean for public health at Feinberg, is a coauthor on the paper.

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2 comments

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MansiGoel
5 / 5 (1) Feb 20, 2014
This humongous study done on California men over 45 years of age, gives out a message of "sit less, move more", which highlights the importance of deskercises for your work life and overall health. The aim is to engage 150 mins of moderate physical activity every week. Further dividing, its 3 minutes of movement every hour. So, here are few deskercises for you: http://workouttre...kercises
Osiris1
not rated yet Feb 20, 2014
I have found that the best predictor of death in people is their progressive predilection to spend time in bed. Some people, men AND women who increasingly find 'easy' excuses to 'go to bed' during the day especially, eventually never really get out of bed for long.....like a preparation for their permanent 'dirt nap'. The human body being presented in this article as not made for extensive sitting, is REALLY not made for extensive laying. The lazy Roman rich even ate on modified beds, and Gibbon in his 'Decline and Fall of the Roman Empiree' documented this as contributing to Roman national weakness from institutionalized indolence of excess wealth. That Roman bed was reprised in the 'fainting couch' popular in Victorian times.

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