Could ibuprofen be an anti-aging medicine? Popular over-the counter drug extends lifespan in yeast, worms and flies

December 18, 2014, Buck Institute for Age Research
Generic ibuprofen. Credit: Wikipedia

Ibuprofen, a common over-the-counter drug used to relieve pain and fever, could hold the keys to a longer healthier life, according to a study by researchers at the Buck Institute for Research on Aging. Publishing in PLoS Genetics on December 18th, scientists showed that regular doses of ibuprofen extended the lifespan of yeast, worms and fruit flies.

"There is a lot to be excited about," said Brian Kennedy, PhD, CEO of the Buck Institute, who said treatments, given at doses comparable to those used in humans, extended lifespan an average of 15 percent in the model organisms. "Not only did all the species live longer, but the treated flies and appeared more healthy," he said. "The research shows that ibuprofen impacts a process not yet implicated in aging, giving us a new way to study and understand the aging process." But most importantly, Kennedy said the study opens the door for a new exploration of so-called "anti-aging medicines." "Ibuprofen is a relatively safe drug, found in most people's medicine cabinets," he said. "There is every reason to believe there are other existing treatments that can impact healthspan and we need to be studying them."

The work was the result of a collaboration between the Buck Institute and Texas A & M's Agrilife program. Michael Polymenis, PhD, an AgriLife Research biochemist started the work in baker's yeast and then moved it into worms and flies. Polymenis, who also is a professor in the biochemistry and biophysics department at Texas A&M University, said the three-year project showed that ibuprofen interferes with the ability of yeast cells to pick up tryptophan, an amino acid found in every cell of every organism. Tryptophan is essential for humans, who get it from protein sources in the diet. "We are not sure why this works, but it's worth exploring further. This study was a proof of principle, to show that common, relatively safe drugs in humans can extend the lifespan of very diverse organisms," he said. "Therefore, it should be possible to find others like ibuprofen with even better ability to extend lifespan, with the aim of adding healthy years of life in people."

"Dr. Polymenis approached me with this idea of seeing how his cell cycle analysis corresponded with our aging studies," said Kennedy. "He had identified some drugs that had some really unique properties, and we wanted to know if they might affect aging, so we did those studies in our lab," he said. "The Buck Institute is interested in finding out why people get sick when they get old. We think that by understanding those processes, we can intervene and find ways to extend human healthspan to keep people healthier longer to slow down aging. That's our ultimate goal."

Ibuprofen is in the class of compounds known as NSAID's - nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs used for relieving pain, helping with fever and reducing inflammation. It was created in the early 1960's in England and was first made available by prescription and then, after widespread use, became available over-the-counter throughout the world in the 1980s. The World Health Organization includes ibuprofen on their "List of Essential Medications" needed in a basic health system. Although deemed relatively safe and commonly used, ibuprofen can have adverse side effects, particularly in the gastrointestinal tract and the liver at high doses.

Chong He, PhD, a postdoctoral fellow at the Buck Institute and lead author on the paper, said the extended lifespan in the model organisms would be the equivalent to another dozen or so years of healthy living in humans. "Our preliminary data in the worms showed that also extended their healthspan," she said. "Healthy worms tend to thrash a lot and the treated worms thrashed much longer than would be normally expected. As they aged, they also swallowed food much faster than expected."

Explore further: Ibuprofen better choice to relieve fracture pain in children than oral morphine

More information: Enhanced longevity by ibuprofen, conserved in multiple species, occurs in yeast through inhibition of tryptophan import. PLOS Genetics, 2014.

Related Stories

Ibuprofen better choice to relieve fracture pain in children than oral morphine

October 27, 2014
Although Ibuprofen and oral morphine both provide effective pain relief for children with broken limbs, ibuprofen is the recommended choice because of adverse events associated with oral morphine, according to a randomized ...

Research strategy supports GSIG's efforts to integrate aging into chronic disease research

November 6, 2014
Scientists who have been successful in delaying mammalian aging with genetic, dietary and pharmacological approaches have developed a research strategy to expand Geroscience research directed at extending human healthspan. ...

Endocannabinoid signaling in dietary restriction and lifespan extension

May 11, 2011
There is no longer any doubt that dietary restriction (DR) extends lifespan. Many studies have shown that limiting nutrient intake extends lifespan in yeast, worms, flies and as well as postponing age-related diseases in ...

Cellular protein may be key to longevity

September 15, 2014
Researchers have found that levels of a regulatory protein called ATF4, and the corresponding levels of the molecules whose expression it controls, are elevated in the livers of mice exposed to multiple interventions known ...

Recommended for you

Gene mutation found to cause macrocephaly and intellectual deficits

November 13, 2018
The absence of one copy of a single gene in the brain causes a rare, as-yet-unnamed neurological disorder, according to new research that builds on decades of work by a University at Buffalo biochemist and his colleagues.

Mutations, CRISPR, and the biology behind movement disorders

November 12, 2018
Scientists at the RIKEN Center for Brain Science (CBS) in Japan have discovered how mutations related to a group of movement disorders produce their effects. Published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the ...

Decrease in specific gene 'silencing' molecules linked with pediatric brain tumors

November 12, 2018
Experimenting with lab-grown brain cancer cells, Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers have added to evidence that a shortage of specific tiny molecules that silence certain genes is linked to the development and growth of pediatric ...

Recessive genes explain only small fraction of undiagnosed developmental disorders

November 8, 2018
The Deciphering Developmental Disorders study has discovered that only a small fraction of rare, undiagnosed developmental disorders in the British Isles are caused by recessive genes. The study by researchers from the Wellcome ...

A look at how colds and chronic disease affect DNA expression

November 8, 2018
We're all born with a DNA sequence that encodes (in the form of genes) the very traits that make us, us—eye color, height, and even personality. We think of those genes as unchanging, but in reality, the way they are expressed, ...

Mutant protein tackles DNA guardian to promote cancer development

November 7, 2018
Melbourne scientists have discovered how tumour development is driven by mutations in the most important gene in preventing cancer, p53.

8 comments

Adjust slider to filter visible comments by rank

Display comments: newest first

JamesG
not rated yet Dec 18, 2014
That stinks. I can't take NSAIDs.
LaPortaMA
not rated yet Dec 18, 2014
Note the NEW WARNING LABELS.
SciTechdude
not rated yet Dec 18, 2014
How many did they have to take to establish this effect? Was it like 1 pill a day? or 3 times a week? I use a lot of advil/generic for various body pains.
yogurtforthesoul
not rated yet Dec 19, 2014
I didn't look very hard at who the researchers really were, but... I'm really hoping this isn't just another "sci-advert" for Advil, purchased, financed, and "concluded" by the Ibuprofen makers of the world.

Please prove my very cynical side wrong, someone...
Rebootedc
not rated yet Dec 19, 2014
Ibuprofen could extend your lifespan, if only it wouldn't destroy your kidneys.
theapc
1 / 5 (5) Dec 19, 2014
It works by interfering with yeast? There's other non-drug ways to interfere with yeast. A sugar-free grain-free diet being one example.
big_hairy_jimbo
5 / 5 (2) Dec 20, 2014
No @theapc. It interferes with cells ability to pick up tryptophan. Yeast was one organism tested along with flies and worms.
Bongstar420
not rated yet Dec 24, 2014
Ya, I sure it has nothing to do with COX-2 inhibition and a shifting of cellular oxidation equilibrium (not the elimination of oxidation).

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.