Meta-analysis: Valgus knee bracing helps pain in knee OA

Meta-analysis: valgus knee bracing helps pain in knee OA

(HealthDay)—For patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA), valgus knee bracing is associated with improvements in pain, according to a meta-analysis published in the April issue of Arthritis Care & Research.

Rebecca F. Moyer, Ph.D., from the University of Western Ontario in London, Canada, and colleagues conducted a of randomized controlled trials to examine the effects of valgus knee bracing on pain and function. Six studies that compared changes in patient-reported pain and/or function in patients with medial knee OA were included in the analyses.

The researchers observed a significant difference favoring the valgus brace group for improvement in pain (standardized mean difference [SMD], 0.33; P = 0.001) and function (SMD, 0.22; P = 0.03) overall. The effect size was moderate for pain (SMD, 0.56; P = 0.04) and function (SMD, 0.48; P = 0.04) when compared with a control group that did not use an orthosis. Only a small, significant effect for pain remained (SMD, 0.33; P = 0.01) when compared with a control group that did use a control orthosis. There was considerable variation in instructions for brace use, and compliance varied from 45 to 100 percent. Minor complications with brace use were reported by up to 25 percent of .

"Meta-analysis of randomized trials suggests valgus bracing for medial knee OA results in small-to-moderate improvements in ," the authors write. "Effect sizes vary based on study design and warrant future research."

Several authors disclosed financial ties to Arthrex.


Explore further

Study upholds hyaluronic acid injection safety, efficacy profile in reducing knee OA pain

More information: Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)
Journal information: Arthritis Care & Research

Copyright © 2015 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Citation: Meta-analysis: Valgus knee bracing helps pain in knee OA (2015, April 15) retrieved 26 August 2019 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2015-04-meta-analysis-valgus-knee-bracing-pain.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
4 shares

Feedback to editors

User comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more