Millions of premature deaths tied to air pollution

Millions of premature deaths tied to air pollution

(HealthDay)—Outdoor air pollution leads to more than 3 million premature deaths per year, primarily in Asia, according to a letter published online Sept. 16 in Nature.

Johannes Lelieveld, Ph.D., from the Max Planck Institute for Chemistry in Germany, and colleagues used a global atmospheric chemistry model to investigate the link between premature mortality and seven emission source categories in urban and rural environments. The researchers found that outdoor , mostly by fine with a diameter smaller than 2.5 micrometers (PM2.5), leads to 3.3 million per year worldwide, predominantly in Asia. The largest impact on globally comes from residential energy use such as heating and cooking, prevalent in India and China. In the United States, emissions from traffic and power generation are important. Agricultural emissions make the largest relative contribution to PM2.5 in the eastern United States, Europe, Russia, and East Asia, with the estimate of overall health impact depending on assumptions regarding particle toxicity.

In a related study published online Sept. 16 in Nature Geoscience, Carly Reddington, Ph.D., from the University of Leeds in the United Kingdom, and colleagues used a global aerosol model to show that reductions in fires associated with deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon (2001 to 2012) have caused mean surface particulate matter concentrations to decline by about 30 percent in the dry season.

"We estimate that this reduction in particulate matter may be preventing roughly 400 to 1,700 premature adult deaths annually across South America. "


Explore further

Air pollution kills 3.3 million worldwide, may double: study

More information: Abstract-Lelieveld
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required )
Abstract-Reddington
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Journal information: Nature , Nature Geoscience

Copyright © 2015 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Citation: Millions of premature deaths tied to air pollution (2015, September 18) retrieved 15 November 2019 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2015-09-millions-premature-deaths-tied-air.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
12 shares

Feedback to editors

User comments