Review links anxiety disorders to risk of cardiovascular events

August 15, 2016

(HealthDay)—Anxiety disorders are associated with a range of cardiovascular events, according to a meta-analysis published in the Aug. 15 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

Connor A. Emdin, from the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom, and colleagues conducted a systematic review of the literature to examine the correlation between anxiety and cardiovascular diseases. Forty-six cohort studies involving participants with and without anxiety, including individuals with anxiety, worry, posttraumatic stress disorder, phobic anxiety, and panic disorder, were reviewed.

The researchers found that anxiety correlated with a significantly increased risk of cardiovascular mortality, coronary heart disease, stroke, and heart failure (relative risks, 1.41, 1.41, 1.71, and 1.35, respectively). There was no significant correlation for anxiety with major or atrial fibrillation, although the confidence intervals were wide. Compared with other , phobic anxiety correlated with a higher risk of coronary heart disease; was associated with an elevated risk of stroke. In sensitivity analyses the results were broadly consistent.

"Anxiety disorders are associated with an elevated risk of a range of different cardiovascular events, including stroke, , heart failure, and cardiovascular death," the authors write. "Whether these associations are causal is unclear."

Explore further: Irregular heartbeat stronger risk factor for heart disease and death in women than in men

More information: Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Related Stories

Irregular heartbeat stronger risk factor for heart disease and death in women than in men

January 19, 2016
An irregular heartbeat (known as atrial fibrillation or AF) is a stronger risk factor for stroke, heart disease, heart failure and death in women than in men, although the cause is unclear, finds a study in The BMJ this week.

Anxiety in women may mask heart disease symptoms, researchers say

February 23, 2016
(HealthDay)—Women with an anxiety disorder may have less blood going to their heart when exercising, according to a new study— and researchers suggest doctors may sometimes miss signs of heart disease in these women.

Review: Hatha yoga beneficial for reducing anxiety

May 24, 2016
(HealthDay)—Hatha yoga is effective for reducing anxiety, and efficacy increases with increasing number of practice hours, according to a meta-analysis published online May 20 in the Journal of Evidence-Based Medicine.

Anxiety linked to higher long-term risk of stroke

December 19, 2013
The greater your anxiety level, the higher your risk of having a stroke, according to new research published in the American Heart Association journal Stroke.

Protein-based risk score may help predict CV events among patients with heart disease

June 21, 2016
In a study appearing in the June 21 issue of JAMA, Peter Ganz, M.D., of the University of California-San Francisco, and colleagues conducted a study to develop and validate a score to predict risk of cardiovascular outcomes ...

Recommended for you

Could aggressive blood pressure treatments lead to kidney damage?

July 18, 2017
Aggressive combination treatments for high blood pressure that are intended to protect the kidneys may actually be damaging the organs, new research from the University of Virginia School of Medicine suggests.

Quantifying effectiveness of treatment for irregular heartbeat

July 17, 2017
In a small proof-of-concept study, researchers at Johns Hopkins report a complex mathematical method to measure electrical communications within the heart can successfully predict the effectiveness of catheter ablation, the ...

Concerns over side effects of statins stopping stroke survivors taking medication

July 17, 2017
Negative media coverage of the side effects associated with taking statins, and patients' own experiences of taking the drugs, are among the reasons cited by stroke survivors and their carers for stopping taking potentially ...

Study discovers anticoagulant drugs are being prescribed against safety advice

July 17, 2017
A study by researchers at the University of Birmingham has shown that GPs are prescribing anticoagulants to patients with an irregular heartbeat against official safety advice.

Protein may protect against heart attack

July 14, 2017
DDK3 could be used as a new therapy to stop the build-up of fatty material inside the arteries

Heart study finds faulty link between biomarkers and clinical outcomes

July 14, 2017
Surrogate endpoints (biomarkers), which are routinely used in clinical research to test new drugs, should not be trusted as the ultimate measure to approve new health interventions in cardiovascular medicine, according to ...

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.