ADHD linked to 'lifelong trajectory of disadvantage'

October 10, 2016, University of Queensland
ADHD linked to 'lifelong trajectory of disadvantage'
UQ researchers are calling for a greater ADHD focus earlier. Credit: University of Queensland

University of Queensland researchers are calling for a greater focus on addressing common mental disorders in children to avoid a potential 'tsunami' of long-term issues in adulthood.

UQ Centre for Clinical Research (UQCCR) Research Fellow Dr Holly Erskine said a review of more than 100 demonstrated that attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and conduct disorder (CD) in children can have lifelong adverse consequences.

"We found that those with ADHD were almost four times more likely not to complete high school - and more than six times more likely not to attend tertiary education - than individuals who do not have ADHD," Dr Erskine said.

"They were significantly more likely to have been dismissed from employment or to experience unemployment.

"The analysis shows it is imperative to ensure parents and the education system are provided with the resources to support these children.

"Addressing adverse educational outcomes may go a long way to reducing some of the other disadvantages these children may face in later life if their disorders are not managed."

UQCCR Associate Professor James Scott said the disorders were also found to be associated with increased risk of depression, substance use disorders and suicide.

"The analysis showed the disorders increased the risk of criminality with violence by three and a half times, and CD was associated with a three-fold risk of early pregnancy," Associate Professor Scott said.

"With ADHD, there was also an increased risk of being involved in a vehicular accident involving injury."

Associate Professor Scott said the interplay of was complex and affects individuals, families, communities, and even the next generation.

"The educational and vocational disadvantage can often lead to long-term poverty, which also affects any eventual offspring," he said.

The researchers said that, ahead of Mental Health Week, it is important to highlight that both ADHD and CD can be successfully treated, and that early intervention can prevent the trajectory of disadvantage.

"ADHD affects five per cent of the childhood population, and CD about three per cent," Associate Professor Scott said.

"Unfortunately the signs are not always picked up and there is often stigma and 'parent blaming' involved.

"This is not something these children will simply grow out of, and will give them the best possible chance of realising their potential."

The review is published in the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.

Explore further: An ADHD diagnosis puts girls at much higher risk for other mental health problems

More information: Holly E. Erskine et al. Long-Term Outcomes of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Conduct Disorder: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis, Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry (2016). DOI: 10.1016/j.jaac.2016.06.016

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not rated yet Oct 10, 2016
These studies must differentiate dyslexics with ADHD. Dyslexic ADHD Joe at 80 years old
not rated yet Oct 10, 2016
ADHD can be cured with 250mg of healthy adult male facial skin surface lipid p.o. Patients should be atmosphere isolated. The collected pheromone (with fresh, new, un-chewed chewing gum as both collection and dispensing vehicle) is bioactive, i.e. it gives off its own airborne pheromone that causes deep distrust, suspicion, and jealousy. The effect is even more pronounced in osculation partners of the patient (hence the 40 day isolation--it takes that long for the pheromone to clear from saliva).
Sebaleic acid, a major component among the 735 chemicals comprising the skin surface lipids, is found nowhere else in nature, effectively marking us as human beings. Kissing is the normal mechanism of distribution. Every individual's composition percentages vary from person to person and, to account for differences in kissing, place to place. For instance, the glands of the oral, buccal, and gingival mucosa, all within the reach of a kissing tongue, develop de novo in late teens.

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