Different genetic features found in Chinese dementia cohort

June 19, 2017 by Gabrielle Dunlevy
Different genetic features found in Chinese dementia cohort
Elderly people at a bus stop in Shanghai, China. Credit: Shutterstock

Genetic screening of Chinese patients with frontotemporal dementia (FTD) indicates that different genetic constitution in different populations could cause the same disease.

FTD is a progressive, . It primarily affects individuals younger than 65 years old.

UNSW Conjoint Associate Professor Yue Huang and researchers from four Shanghai-based institutions tested the four most common FTD causative genes in Chinese patients.

Through , they detected gene mutations in 5% of patients, with the work recently published online in the journal Current Alzheimer's Research.

Associate Professor Huang says seven FTD causing genes have been found, and it was interesting to note the genetic differences in the 82 patients recruited in Shanghai between 2011 and 2015.

"In contrast to Western FTD cohort, mutation in C9orf72 gene was absent in our patients," she says.

"In addition, we found a novel mutation site in tau gene.

"Genetic studies in different populations will enhance our understanding about diverse clinical features of a disease."

FTD comprises of 10–20% all dementias worldwide. In a country as large as China, that amounts to a significant population.

Genetic modifying therapy might provide a cure for those FTD carrying mutant , Associate Professor Huang says.

"Different populations share environments, diets, and other characteristics that may lead to genetic changes," she explains.

"In addition, random genetic changes, genetic mutations could also occur in a certain population, but not in others.

"Patients from different population groups have the same disease clinically, but their underlying genetic causes are different, indicating the disease-causing mechanisms differ and different therapeutic approaches may be considered to treat the same disease in different groups.

"For these reasons, it is important to study disease causing-gene in different populations."

Another key part of Associate Professor Huang's work is to raise awareness of FTD and its genetic cause in China, through translation and publications of research.

While visiting Shanghai in 2008, her search with the Chinese medical searching engine (Wanfang) found only seven papers with "FTD" in the title from 1998 to 2008, while in the past 10 years, there are 75 papers with "FTD" in the title.

Explore further: Sequencing prostate tumors from African-American men reveals a novel tumor suppressor gene

More information: www.eurekaselect.com/151900

Related Stories

Recommended for you

What percentage of ALS is genetic?

June 21, 2017

Up to 90 percent of people with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) report that they have no family history of the disease. Now, new research has found approximately 17 percent of such ALS cases may be caused by a gene mutation, ...

Gene mutation linked to psychosis in Icelandic family

June 20, 2017

(Medical Xpress)—A team of researchers from Iceland, Finland and Germany has found evidence of a gene mutation in a large family in Iceland that explains why so many of them suffer from psychosis. In their paper published ...

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.