School program in U.K. shows no significant impact on child BMI

February 8, 2018

(HealthDay)—A focused school-based healthy lifestyle program intervention does not have a significant impact on body mass index (BMI) z score after 15 or 30 months, according to a study published online Feb. 7 in The BMJ.

Peymane Adab, M.D., M.P.H., from the University of Birmingham in the United Kingdom, and colleagues conducted a cluster randomized trial in U.K. primary schools. After baseline measurements, 1,467 year-1 pupils aged 5 to 6 years were randomized using a blocked balancing algorithm; 778 pupils were included as controls. At first and second follow-up (15 and 30 months), data were available for 1,287 and 1,169 pupils, respectively. Healthy eating and physical activity were encouraged in the 12-month intervention, including a daily additional 30-minute school time physical activity opportunity and termly school-led family healthy cooking skills workshops.

The researchers found that at 15 months, the mean BMI z score was nonsignificantly lower in the intervention arm (mean difference, −0.075; 95 percent confidence interval, −0.183 to 0.033; P = 0.18) in baseline adjusted models. The mean difference was −0.027 at 30 months (95 percent confidence interval, −0.137 to 0.083; P = 0.63). There were no statistically significant between-group differences in other anthropometric, dietary, , or psychological measurements.

"The primary analyses suggest that this experiential focused had no statistically significant effect on BMI z score or on preventing childhood obesity," the authors write. "Schools are unlikely to impact on the epidemic by incorporating such interventions without wider support across multiple sectors and environments."

Explore further: Anti-obesity programs in schools unlikely to halt child obesity epidemic

More information: Abstract/Full Text
Editorial

Related Stories

Anti-obesity programs in schools unlikely to halt child obesity epidemic

February 7, 2018
School based programmes aimed at preventing obesity in children are unlikely to have much impact on the childhood obesity epidemic, suggests a randomised controlled trial published by The BMJ today.

Physical activity doesn't seem to reduce risk of frailty in elderly

January 9, 2018
(HealthDay)—A long-term physical activity program is not associated with reduced risk of frailty among community-dwelling older adults with functional limitations, according to a study published online Jan. 9 in the Annals ...

Cognitive behavioral therapy cost-effective in depressed teens

January 19, 2018
(HealthDay)—For adolescents with depression who declined or quickly stopped using antidepressants, a brief cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) program is cost-effective, according to a study published online Jan. 19 in Pediatrics.

Vitamin E in early childhood tied to lower ALT levels later

November 27, 2017
(HealthDay)—Higher early childhood intake of alpha-tocopherol is associated with lower odds of elevated mid-childhood alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels, according to a study published online Nov. 9 in Hepatology.

Exercise reduces sleep problems in breast cancer survivors

December 26, 2017
(HealthDay)—A physical activity intervention reduces perceived sleep dysfunction at three and six months for post-primary treatment breast cancer survivors, according to a study published recently in Medicine & Science ...

Obesity prevention program for girls not associated with significant difference in body mass index

May 7, 2012
An Australian school-based obesity prevention program for adolescent girls was not associated with statistically significant differences in body mass index (BMI) and other body composition measures, however the small changes ...

Recommended for you

Accurate measurements of sodium intake confirm relationship with mortality

June 21, 2018
Eating foods high in salt is known to contribute to high blood pressure, but does that linear relationship extend to increased risk of cardiovascular disease and death? Recent cohort studies have contested that relationship, ...

Fans of yoga therapy have yet to win over doctors

June 21, 2018
Yoga practitioners often tout the unique health benefits of the ancient discipline—from relieving stress and pain to improving vascular health—but most doctors remain sceptical in the absence of hard proof.

Fruit and vegetables linked to changes in skin colour, new research finds

June 21, 2018
Skin colour in young Caucasian men is strongly linked to high levels of fruit and vegetable consumption, new research by Curtin University has found.

What a pain: The iPad neck plagues women more

June 20, 2018
Is your iPad being a literal pain in the neck?

Medicaid work requirements and health savings accounts may impact people's coverage

June 20, 2018
Current experimental approaches in Medicaid programs—including requirements to pay premiums, contribute to health savings accounts, or to work—may lead to unintended consequences for patient coverage and access, such ...

Living the high life: How altitude influences bone growth

June 19, 2018
High altitude is a particularly challenging environment—the terrain is physically challenging and the land has a relatively poor crop yield, so food can be sparse. Most importantly, oxygen levels are lower meaning that ...

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.