Birch pollen-related foods can trigger dermatitis reactions

Birch pollen-related foods can trigger dermatitis reactions
(HealthDay)—In patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) and birch pollen allergy, consumption of birch pollen-related foods is associated with allergic reactions and deterioration of AD, according to a study published online April 13 in Allergy.

Anja Wassmann-Otto, Ph.D., from Hannover Medical School in Germany, and colleagues conducted double-blind placebo-controlled challenges (DBPCFC) in 182 children and adults with AD and suspected birch pollen-related food allergy.

The researchers found that 65 developed allergic reactions (responders) to DBPCFC with birch pollen-related foods (103 DBPCFC). Of those with , 32 patients exhibited significant deterioration of AD. Compared to nonresponders, responders showed significantly higher specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) levels to birch pollen and apple in addition to a higher prevalence of allergic rhinoconjunctivitis. Patients with late eczematous response could not be differentiated by specific IgE levels from those with isolated immediate type reactions.

"In a subpopulation of patients with AD and birch pollen sensitization, related foods should be considered as a trigger for an aggravation of eczema," the authors write. "Since sufficient markers for prediction of late eczematous reactions are still lacking, DBPCFC cannot be replaced in diagnosis of birch pollen-related foods in patients with AD."


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Citation: Birch pollen-related foods can trigger dermatitis reactions (2018, April 23) retrieved 22 February 2019 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2018-04-birch-pollen-related-foods-trigger-dermatitis.html
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