Men younger than 50: The more you smoke, the more you stroke

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Men under 50 who smoked were more likely to have a stroke, and their risk increased with the number of cigarettes they smoked, according to new research in the American Heart Association's journal Stroke.

An increasing number of young adults are suffering , which is the most common stroke type. Tobacco use is on the rise among young adults. It is already established that the more young women smoke the greater their ; however, little is known about young men's stroke risk from smoking.

"The key takeaway from our study on men younger than 50 is 'the more you smoke, the more you stroke,'" said lead study author Janina Markidan, B.A., a medical student at the University of Maryland School of Medicine in Baltimore.

Researchers studied 615 young men (age 15-49) who had a stroke in the prior three years. Researchers compared the men with stroke to 530 healthy men in the same age range. They also categorized participants as never smokers, former smokers and current smokers. Current smokers were divided into groups based on the number of cigarettes smoked daily, 1 to 10, 11 to 20, 21 to 39 or 40 or more.

Researchers found:

  • Men who smoked were 88 percent more likely to have a stroke than men who never smoked.
  • Among current smokers, men who smoked fewer than 11 cigarettes daily were 46 percent more likely to have a stroke than those who never smoked.
  • But the heavier smokers, smoking at least two packs a day, were nearly 5 times, more likely to have a stroke than those who never smoked.

"The goal is to get these to stop smoking, however if they can smoke fewer cigarettes it could help reduce their risk," Markidan said.

Researchers did not record the concurrent use of other tobacco products which could have affected results. They also did not control for factors such as alcohol consumption, physical activity or recall bias. However, similar findings in a Swedish study, suggested that there was not a major effect from recall bias.


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More information: Stroke (2018). DOI: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.117.018859
Provided by American Heart Association
Citation: Men younger than 50: The more you smoke, the more you stroke (2018, April 19) retrieved 21 February 2019 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2018-04-men-younger.html
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Apr 19, 2018
Smoking causes increased red blood cells, smokers polycythemia, and polycythemia is known to cause hypertension, elevated blood pressure and hypertension is known to cause stroke. They have shown the higher the hemoglobin the higher the blood pressure.
So ... using logic .. the increased red blood cells manifested by a smoker must be addressed and treated as the pathology it is, and treated by graded reduction of red blood cells .. ergo .. blood donation or cupping.

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