In cancer patients, PTSD may increase symptom burden

In cancer patients, PTSD may increase symptom burden
(HealthDay)—Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms among hospitalized patients with cancer are associated with a greater psychological and physical symptom burden as well as a decreased risk of hospital readmissions, according to a study published online June 15 in Cancer.

Ryan D. Nipp, M.D., M.P.H., from Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center in Boston, and colleagues explored relationships among PTSD symptoms, physical and psychological symptom burden, and risk for hospital readmissions among 954 prospectively enrolled patients with cancer admitted for an unplanned hospitalization from August 2015 to April 2017.

The researchers found that 13.3 percent of patients screened positive for PTSD symptoms. The 90-day hospital readmission rate was 38.9 percent. Higher PTSD scores were seen among patients with younger age, female sex, greater comorbidities, and genitourinary cancer type. There was an association between patients' PTSD symptoms and physical symptoms, total symptom burden, depression, and anxiety symptoms. PTSD symptoms were associated with a lower risk of (hazard ratio, 0.81).

"Interventions to address patients' PTSD symptoms are needed and should account for their physical and psychological burden," write the authors.


Explore further

Symptom burden may increase hospital length of stay, readmission risk in advanced cancer

More information: Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Copyright © 2018 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Citation: In cancer patients, PTSD may increase symptom burden (2018, June 26) retrieved 21 March 2019 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2018-06-cancer-patients-ptsd-symptom-burden.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
 shares

Feedback to editors

User comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more