Living systematic review describes the epidemiology of sexual transmission of Zika virus

Living systematic review describes the epidemiology of sexual transmission of Zika virus
Zika Virus. Credit: NIAID

Zika virus (ZIKV) may be sexually transmissible for a shorter period than previously estimated, according to a systematic review published this week in PLOS Medicine by Michel Counotte and Nicola Low of the University of Bern in Switzerland, and colleagues. The review included analysis of data from both human and animal studies and was conducted to describe the epidemiology of sexual transmission of ZIKV.

Sexual transmission of ZIKV has been previously documented, but the risks of transmission are not well understood, and it is not known whether other flaviviruses can be transmitted this way. To address this gap in knowledge, the researchers conducted a systematic review of available, relevant evidence through 15 April 2018. Counotte and colleagues found that, where documented, sexual transmission of ZIKV is much more common from men to women than from women to men. For sexual transmission of ZIKV, the authors found the median serial interval—the time between onset of symptoms in 2 sexual partners—is 12 days, and the median duration of ZIKV RNA persistence in semen is longer (34 days) than in the female genital tract (12 days). They found no evidence of sexual transmission for any other arthropod-borne flaviviruses.

The study's conclusions are limited by the underlying evidence, which may have residual biases. However, the review is constructed as a living , such that newer evidence will be integrated upon availability. Of public health relevance, the authors state, "our findings suggest that the infectious period for of ZIKV is shorter than estimates from the earliest post-outbreak studies."


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More information: Counotte MJ, Kim CR, Wang J, Bernstein K, Deal C, Broutet NJN, et al. (2018) Sexual transmission of Zika virus and other flaviviruses: A living systematic review. PLoS Med 15(7): e1002611. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1002611
Journal information: PLoS Medicine

Citation: Living systematic review describes the epidemiology of sexual transmission of Zika virus (2018, July 24) retrieved 24 May 2019 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2018-07-systematic-epidemiology-sexual-transmission-zika.html
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