Don't sweat the sweet stuff

Don't sweat the sweet stuff
A) Signal strength quantified as the average global field power computed within-subjects as the standard deviation of the event-related potentials over 64 electrodes for each of the tastants and water over detection trials (left) and discrimination trials (right). Salty and sour tastants show a stronger signal than sweet and bitter tastants, but less strongly so for discrimination trials. Note that the onset of the liquid stimulation (for all tastes and for water) coincided with the presentation of the fixation cross, resulting in a clear GFP response for water as well. B) Topographical voltage maps for each taste and task represent the grand-averaged mean over a 50 ms time window, early during processing (upper row) and surrounding the decoding onset (lower row) shown in Table 2 and Figure 3C relative to water. Credit: Wallroth & Ohla Fig. 2, eNeuro (2018)

Sweet and bitter flavors are identified as soon as they are tasted, according to human neural and behavioral data published in eNeuro. The study provides new insight into how the brain rapidly detects and discriminates between potentially nutritious and toxic substances.

The sense of taste, similar to that of smell, guides an organism toward stimuli that promote survival and away from stimuli that threaten it. This behavior requires detecting, identifying, and deciding to act on gustatory information.

Kathrin Ohla and Raphael Wallroth explored how this process unfolds in as they detected one of four solutions—salty, sour, bitter, and sweet—and discriminated between salty versus sour and sweet versus bitter.

The researchers found strong correspondence between participants' and their brains' during these tasks, suggesting that these computations take early in the taste-processing pathway.

Salty and sour were more quickly detected than they were identified whereas virtually no lag between detection and discrimination was observed for sweet and bitter.

As participants rated sweet and bitter tastes as more and less pleasant, respectively, and salty and sour tastes as neutral, this additional information may have facilitated the differences in processing speed.


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More information: As soon as you taste it - evidence for sequential and parallel processing of gustatory information, eNeuro, DOI: 10.1523/ENEURO.0269-18.2018
Provided by Society for Neuroscience
Citation: Don't sweat the sweet stuff (2018, October 15) retrieved 21 March 2019 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2018-10-dont-sweet.html
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