FDA approves venetoclax for chronic lymphocytic leukemia

FDA approves venetoclax for chronic, small lymphocytic leukemia

(HealthDay)—Venetoclax (VENCLEXTA) has been approved to treat adult patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) or small lymphocytic lymphoma, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration announced yesterday.

Data from CLL14, a randomized, multicenter, open-label, actively controlled trial, provided the basis for approval. CLL14 involved 432 patients with previously untreated CLL and coexisting who were randomly assigned to venetoclax plus obinutuzumab (VEN+G) or obinutuzumab plus chlorambucil (GClb). The researchers observed a statistically significant improvement in progression-free survival for patients who received VEN+G compared with those who received GClb (hazard ratio, 0.33). Overall response was 85 percent in patients who received VEN+G and 71 percent in those who received GClb.

VENCLEXTA is available in 10-, 50-, and 100-mg tablets. Dosing begins with a five-week ramp-up, and the FDA advises clinicians to consult the manufacturer prescribing information for the full ramp-up schedule.

When administered with obinutuzumab, with rituximab, or as monotherapy, the most commonly reported adverse reactions of venetoclax included neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, anemia, diarrhea, nausea, upper respiratory tract infection, cough, musculoskeletal pain, fatigue, and edema. The manufacturer prescribing information also warns of the for tumor lysis syndrome during the ramp-up phase and directs clinicians to advise patients of the signs and symptoms.

Approval was granted to AbbVie and Genentech.

Explore further

Avelumab and axitinib approved for treatment of renal cell carcinoma

More information: More Information

Copyright © 2019 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Citation: FDA approves venetoclax for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (2019, May 17) retrieved 17 May 2021 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2019-05-fda-venetoclax-chronic-small-lymphocytic.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.

Feedback to editors

User comments