Here's a bitter pill to swallow: Artificial sweeteners may be doing more harm than good

Here's a bitter pill to swallow: Artificial sweeteners may be doing more harm than good
Artificial sweeteners are a $2.2 billion industry. Credit: Creative Commons

A $2.2 billion industry to help people lose weight through artificial sweeteners may be contributing to type 2 diabetes, according to researchers from the University of South Australia.

A recently published review led by UniSA Professor Peter Clifton reveals that people who use (LCS) are more likely to gain weight, the exact opposite of what consumers expect.

This is despite controlled showing that do lead to weight loss.

There has been a 200 per cent increase in LCS usage among children and a 54 per cent increase among adults in the past 20 years, Prof Clifton says.

Low calorie sweeteners are used in place of sucrose, glucose and fructose. They have an intense sweet flavour without the calories, but recent studies have highlighted potential adverse health effects.

Prof Clifton says a US study of 5,158 adults over a seven-year period found that those who consumed large quantities of artificial sweeteners gained more weight than non-users.

"Consumers of artificial sweeteners do not reduce their overall intake of sugar. They use both sugar and low-calorie sweeteners and may psychologically feel they can indulge in their favourite foods.

"Artificial sweeteners also change the gut bacteria which may lead to weight gain and risk of type 2 diabetes," he says.

Artificially sweetened beverages (ASB) are also linked with increased risks of death and , and strokes and dementia among older people, but it is not clear why.

Prof Clifton cites 13 studies which investigated the effects of ASB intake on the risk of type 2 diabetes, all of which found either no link or a positive one. One study found that substituting ASB for sugar-sweetened beverages or was associated with a 5-7 per cent lower risk of type 2 diabetes.

"A better option than low-calorie sweeteners is to stick to a , which includes plenty of whole grains, dairy, seafood, legumes, vegetables and fruits and plain water," Prof Clifton says.


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More information: Yoona Kim et al, Non-nutritive Sweeteners and Glycaemic Control, Current Atherosclerosis Reports (2019). DOI: 10.1007/s11883-019-0814-6
Citation: Here's a bitter pill to swallow: Artificial sweeteners may be doing more harm than good (2019, December 17) retrieved 17 February 2020 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2019-12-bitter-pill-swallow-artificial-sweeteners.html
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