Study finds enhanced role of pharmacists contributes to increase in patient satisfaction

Patients who received focused attention from pharmacists during hospital stays expressed higher satisfaction, according to research presented at the ASHP (American Society of Health-System Pharmacists) 54th Midyear Clinical Meeting and Exhibition.

"Previous research demonstrates that poor communication and planning during transitions of care lead to increased adverse drug events and higher readmission rates. In our study, we were seeking a way to improve patient satisfaction and safety as well as reduce hospital readmission rates," said Katherine L. March, Pharm.D., BCPS, Clinical Pharmacy Specialist at Methodist University Hospital in Memphis. "Without any additional resourcing, we focused Methodist pharmacy staff on medicine reconciliation and disease education. Ultimately, we found that pharmacy-based transition-of-care models can improve . We saw a drop in readmission rates as well."

The study centered on the effect of pharmacists putting emphasis on educating patients about medications as they transitioned out of . During the study, pharmacists reconciled patients' medication before discharge, talked with patients about the medication they were taking, and contacted them by phone after discharge to discuss their care.

Of the 1,728 patients included in the study, 414 received the full transition-of-care education protocol, including a follow-up phone call. Those patients showed a substantial increase of 14.7 percent in the overall average mean score, as measured by the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) survey, which assesses patient's perceptions of their care after discharge.

In a post-hoc analysis, hospital 30-day readmission rates dropped 5 percent (from 17.3 percent to 12.4 percent) when a post-discharge phone call was made to patients as a part of the study.

"Pharmacists play a multitude of vital roles for patients during a , including comprehensive medication management and ensuring safety. Now, they can feel increasingly confident about their role in helping patients when transitioning from different levels of care. Our findings add to growing literature demonstrating that pharmacist involvement in hospital discharge improves outcomes and safety," said March.


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Follow-up phone calls by pharmacists help patients after hospital discharge

More information: The research entitled Pharmacists Transitions-of-Care Service Improves HCAHPS Scores and Decreases 30-day Hospital Readmission Rates will be presented at the ASHP 54th Midyear Clinical Meeting and Exhibition on Wed, Dec. 11.
Provided by ASHP (American Society of Health-System Pharmacists)
Citation: Study finds enhanced role of pharmacists contributes to increase in patient satisfaction (2019, December 12) retrieved 3 July 2020 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2019-12-role-pharmacists-contributes-patient-satisfaction.html
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