Healthy commercial ads don't change teens' desire to eat junk food

french fries
Credit: CC0 Public Domain

How teens' brains respond to TV commercials for fast food can predict what they are going to eat for dinner, according to new University of Michigan research.

Teens who had greater responses in reward centers of the brain when viewing commercials for unhealthy foods—like cheeseburgers and milkshakes—from fast food restaurants ate more in a simulated fast food restaurant.

Surprisingly, teens who had heightened brain responses associated with reward, memory and visual attention to commercials for healthier foods—like salads and smoothies—from fast food restaurants were also prone to eat more junk food.

The findings, published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, contributes to previous studies about food advertising as a major contributor to obesity—and fast food restaurants are the main advertisers.

But few studies have investigated the neural predictors of food intake by teens.

"The ability of fast food commercials to prime these brain systems, potentially outside of the , may make it particularly challenging for adolescents to defend themselves against the negative effects of food marketing," said Ashley Gearhardt, U-M associate professor of psychology and the study's lead author.

"Teens are a major advertising target for the food industry and they receive little protection. Our results suggest that fast food restaurants adding more advertisements for is unlikely to protect adolescents. Reducing the overall amount of food advertising viewed by teens is an important target for improving health."

The study sample of 171 teens aged 13-16 viewed unhealthy fast food commercials with cheeseburgers and French fries; healthier commercials with salads, grilled chicken sandwiches; and nonfood commercials in a functional magnetic resonance imaging (FMRI). The participants were able to consume food featured in the commercials that varied in nutrition in a simulated .

Some key findings:

  • More neural activation in the brain's "reward" region predicted greater total food intake.
  • Healthier commercials from fast food restaurants are unlikely to encourage healthy food consumption. The restaurant logos and branding trigger cues associated with the sale of predominantly .
  • Teens who showed less activation in a brain region associated with visual attention to unhealthy commercials had more healthier food intake.

Explore further

Teens' neural response to food commercials predicts future weight gain

More information: Ashley N Gearhardt et al. Neural response to fast food commercials in adolescents predicts intake, The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2019). DOI: 10.1093/ajcn/nqz305
Citation: Healthy commercial ads don't change teens' desire to eat junk food (2020, January 16) retrieved 24 November 2020 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2020-01-healthy-commercial-ads-dont-teens.html
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