Low-to-moderate drinking may protect cognition during aging

Low-to-moderate drinking may protect cognition during aging

(HealthDay)—Low-to-moderate alcohol consumption may be associated with better global cognition scores among middle-aged and older adults, according to a study recently published in JAMA Network Open.

Ruiyuan Zhang, M.D., from the University of Georgia College of Public Health in Athens, and colleagues used data from the Health and Retirement Study, which assessed cognitive functions in 19,887 participants (mean age, 61.8 years; 60.1 percent women) in 1996 through 2008 to assess associations between and cognitive function. Participants were grouped into two cognitive function trajectories for each cognition measure assessed: a consistently low trajectory (representing low cognitive scores throughout the study period) and a consistently high trajectory (representing high cognitive scores throughout the study period).

The researchers found that low-to-moderate drinking (fewer than eight drinks per week for women and fewer than 15 for men) was significantly associated with a consistently high cognitive function trajectory and a lower rate of cognitive decline. A consistently low trajectory for total cognitive function, mental status, word recall, and vocabulary was less likely for low-to-moderate drinkers versus never drinkers. Furthermore, low-to-moderate drinking was associated with decreased annual rates of total cognitive function decline, mental status, word recall, and vocabulary compared with never drinkers. In White participants, low-to-moderate was associated with lower odds of having a consistently low trajectory (odds ratio, 0.65; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.56 to 0.75); however, this was not so for Black individuals (odds ratio, 1.02; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.74 to 1.39). The investigators observed a U-shaped association between dosage of alcohol consumed and all cognitive function domains for all participants, with an optimal dose of 10 to 14 drinks per week.

"Our study contributed further evidence that among a nationally representative sample of middle-aged or , low-to- was associated with the protection of cognitive functions that may decrease with age," the authors write.


Explore further

A drink or two a day might be good for your brain, study says

More information: Abstract/Full Text
Journal information: JAMA Network Open

Copyright © 2020 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Citation: Low-to-moderate drinking may protect cognition during aging (2020, September 16) retrieved 25 September 2020 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2020-09-low-to-moderate-cognition-aging.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
85 shares

Feedback to editors

User comments