Changes to the brain's reward system may drive overeating in mice

Changes to the brain's reward system may drive overeating in mice
A high-fat, high-sugar diet decreases membrane potential (purple, left) and firing rate (purple, right). Credit: Gendelis, Inbar et al., JNeurosci 2020

A combination of innate differences and diet-induced changes to the reward system may predispose some mice to overeat, according to research recently published in JNeurosci.

Food is fuel, but the rising levels of sugar and fat in modern diets make the brain treat it as a reward. One brain region called the (VP) serves as a hub between reward areas and the hypothalamus, a region involved in feeding behavior. Intertwining food and reward can lead to overeating and may be a contributing factor to diet-induced obesity.

Gendelis, Inbar, et al. measured in the VP of mice with unlimited access to high fat, high sugar food for several months. Eating the unhealthy diet changed the electrical properties of VP neurons: the membrane voltage and firing rate decreased, making it harder for neurons to send messages to each other. The change was more pronounced in the mice that gained the most weight. The same set of electrical bursts strengthened synapses in weight gainers but weakened them in mice that gained the least weight.

These signaling differences may be innate and not caused by the unhealthy diet itself: the same plasticity differences appear between mice with natural high and low food-seeking behavior even without exposure to an .


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More information: Shani Gendelis et al, Metaplasticity in the ventral pallidum as a potential marker for the propensity to gain weight in chronic high-calorie diet, The Journal of Neuroscience (2020). DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1809-20.2020
Journal information: Journal of Neuroscience

Citation: Changes to the brain's reward system may drive overeating in mice (2020, November 17) retrieved 24 July 2021 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2020-11-brain-reward-overeating-mice.html
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