New therapy shows promise in future treatment of multiple myeloma

New therapy shows promise in future treatment of multiple myeloma
Credit: National Cancer Institute \ Dana-Farber Harvard Cancer Center

A preclinical study has found multiple myeloma is highly sensitive to a newly developed experimental therapy, according to research published today by Peter Mac scientists.

Multiple myeloma is a type of blood that that originates in plasma cells, in the bone marrow that normally produce protective antibodies.

These abnormal plasma cells proliferate rapidly and do not produce productive antibodies thus reducing the body's ability to fight infection.

About 2,000 Australians are diagnosed with multiple myeloma each year.

Dr. Simon Hogg, lead author of the study published in the prestigious Molecular Cell journal today, says now for the first time Peter Mac researchers were exploring the effects of new drugs that inhibit two closely related enzymes called P300 and CBP.

P300 and CBP have long been suspected to work together to support , however there have been no drugs developed that can inhibit their activity until very recently, and their exact role in cancer was not completely understood.

"We discovered that multiple myeloma is highly sensitive to this , more so than many other cancers," Dr. Hogg says.

"These drugs can quickly turn off key cancer-causing genes, called , that directly control the growth of multiple myeloma."

Transcription is a very important process in cancer, Dr. Hogg says, because cancer cells need to maintain high levels of transcription to support fast growth.

This new experimental therapy works by specifically turning off many important cancer-causing genes, lowering rates of transcription in the cancerous and leading to their death.

"Currently this experimental therapy is being tested in the laboratory only, we hope that these results might spur efforts to start testing in patients," says Dr. Hogg, previously of Peter Mac and now a research fellow at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in New York.

Peter Mac Executive Director Cancer Research Professor Ricky Johnstone—and one of the senior authors of the study—says his team also looked at how the therapy worked in combination with other drugs, identifying drugs that counteracted its effect and others that enhanced its efficacy.

"It's exciting to see these positive results in the lab and get a glimpse of the impact this new might have for patients with multiple myeloma," he said.


Explore further

Newly discovered epigenetic regulatory mechanisms involved in multiple myeloma growth

More information: Simon J. Hogg et al, Targeting histone acetylation dynamics and oncogenic transcription by catalytic P300/CBP inhibition, Molecular Cell (2021). DOI: 10.1016/j.molcel.2021.04.015
Journal information: Molecular Cell

Provided by Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre
Citation: New therapy shows promise in future treatment of multiple myeloma (2021, May 21) retrieved 27 July 2021 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2021-05-therapy-future-treatment-multiple-myeloma.html
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