Restoring proprioception and motor control in diabetes, injury and neuropathy patients

Restoring proprioception and motor control in diabetes, injury and neuropathy patients
Figure 1. Functional magnetic resonance imaging and electrode placement. (A) Pre-surgical fMRI obtained while participant P1 pressed different buttons on a handheld device while watching videos showing desired movements. (B) Exemplary placement of SEEG electrodes (participant 3). (C) Photograph of HD ECoG electrode placement for recordings in participant P1_03. (D) Experimental setup where participants received visual cues of hand movements on a laptop computer with cues lasting 3 or 4s followed by a 3 or 4s period of rest; the clinical recording system (Natus Medical, Inc.) is not shown and was always connected for continuous data acquisition. Credit: DOI: 10.3389/fnins.2021.699631

Tapping deep within the brain, a team of researchers from the Institute of Bioelectronic Medicine at The Feinstein Institutes for Medical Research has deciphered signals related to movement and touch. Study results were published today in Frontiers in Neuroscience in collaboration with Baylor College of Medicine and Washington University in St. Louis.

This first demonstration of decoding sulcal and subcortical activity will help researchers better understand how the tactile stimuli and manages hand motions. These findings and future studies may lead to new therapeutic methods to restore movement or sensation to those who may have lost it from injury, diabetes, or general neuropathy.

Three participants underwent minimally invasive surgery to implant stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG) electrodes deep within the —in sulcal and white matter areas—which has not been widely studied to decipher . The procedure was led by neurosurgeon, associate professor in the Institute of Bioelectronic Medicine and co-principal investigator on the study, Ashesh Mehta, MD. Researchers asked the participants to perform tasks with their hands through a brain-computer interface (BCI) link. By identifying and extracting repeating neural signals, the researchers were able to reliably and accurately predict finger movement and tactile stimuli in the pads of different fingers.

"Whether from diabetes or a traumatic injury, millions of people are living without something many of us take for granted—the sense of touch," said Chad Bouton, professor in the Feinstein Institutes' Institute of Bioelectronic Medicine and co-principal investigator on the study. "By observing these signals hidden deep within the brain, we are one step closer to restoring that sensation through stimulation and advances in the field of bioelectronic ."

The Feinstein Institutes is the global scientific home of bioelectronic medicine, a field of research that combines molecular medicine, neuroscience and biomedical engineering to develop innovative therapies with the aim to treat diseases and conditions through targeted stimulation of nerves, including paralysis, arthritis, pulmonary hypertension and inflammatory bowel disease.

This study's findings support the hypothesis that SEEG electrodes can be an effective approach for neural decoding and use in systems. This minimally invasive approach reduces risk and may become the preferred approach for many BCI applications to restore movement and sensation.

"Using bioelectronic medicine approaches, including neural mapping and brain stimulation, researchers better understand how the brain communicates with the rest of the body," said Kevin J. Tracey, MD, president and CEO of the Feinstein Institutes.

This research continues to build on Prof. Bouton and his collaborators' work in sensorimotor mapping and stimulation. Most recently, his team published results in the journal Brain Stimulation, showing for the first time that highly focal fingertip sensations can be elicited through an SEEG brain implant.


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More information: Chad Bouton et al, Decoding Neural Activity in Sulcal and White Matter Areas of the Brain to Accurately Predict Individual Finger Movement and Tactile Stimuli of the Human Hand, Frontiers in Neuroscience (2021). DOI: 10.3389/fnins.2021.699631
Journal information: Frontiers in Neuroscience

Citation: Restoring proprioception and motor control in diabetes, injury and neuropathy patients (2021, August 23) retrieved 28 October 2021 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2021-08-proprioception-motor-diabetes-injury-neuropathy.html
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