Undiagnosed major risk factors found in two thirds of ischaemic stroke patients, new study reveals

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People who suffer from ischaemic strokes with no previously diagnosed risk factors have been found to have underlying conditions in the majority of cases, a new study presented today at the European Academy of Neurology (EAN) Congress 2022 has shown.

Overall, the study identified 67.7% of with previously undiagnosed major risk factors (UMRF) were found to have one major risk factor.

Researchers from the Centre Vaudois, Lausanne, Switzerland, analysed health records of 4,354 stroke patients from the ASTRAL registry from 2003 to 2018, 1,125 of whom had UMRF.

The most common detected vascular risk factor was dyslipidaemia, an imbalance of blood fats such as high cholesterol or raised levels of triglycerides (61.4% of patients). The second most common risk factor was (23.7% of patients), and one in 10 (10.2% of patients) patients had , a condition which causes a fast and often .

Using multivariate analyses, the research found a between UMRF patients and lower age, non-Caucasian ethnicity, contraceptive use in women aged under 55 and smoking for patients 55 and older. The research also found negative associations with antiplatelet (blood thinner) use before the stroke and higher Body Mass Index (BMI).

Ischaemic stroke occurs when a blood clot or other blockage cuts off bloody supply to the brain and is the most common type of stroke.

Lead author Dr. André Rêgo said the study provides important insights on major risk factors for ischaemic stroke.

"Our findings underline the importance of testing and treating blood fat imbalances such as high cholesterol and triglyceride levels, as well as blood pressure and identifying and treating those with atrial fibrillation and type 2 diabetes," said Dr. Rêgo.

"Prior to our study there was scarce clinical information about the frequency, patient profile and stroke mechanisms in patients with acute ischaemic stroke with previously undiagnosed major vascular . We hope that this study will help to identify potential stroke patients that require more intensive prevention techniques and surveillance in the future."


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More information: Undiagnosed major risk factors in patients with acute ischaemic stroke: clinical profile, stroke mechanisms and outcome, presented at the EAN Congress 2022.
Provided by European Academy of Neurology
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