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Cannabis use disorder increasingly seen in teens scheduled for surgery

Cannabis use disorder increasingly seen in teens scheduled for surgery

For adolescents scheduled for surgery, the prevalence of cannabis use disorder (CUD) is increasing and is associated with higher odds of postoperative complications, according to a study published online May 6 in Pediatrics.

Brittany L. Willer, M.D., from the Nationwide Children's Hospital and The Ohio State University in Columbus, and colleagues performed a retrospective, 1:1 propensity-matched cohort study of with and without CUD who underwent inpatient operations from 2009 to 2022. The trend in prevalence of CUD was examined as the primary outcome.

Overall, 2,604 (0.5%) of the 558,721 adolescents undergoing inpatient from 2009 to 2022 were diagnosed with CUD (2,483 were propensity score-matched). The researchers observed an increase in the prevalence of CUD from 0.4% in 2009 to 0.6% in 2022.

Adolescents with CUD had significantly higher adjusted odds of respiratory complications, intensive care unit admission, , and extended hospital stay (odds ratios [95% ], 1.52 [1.16 to 2.00], 1.78 [1.61 to 1.98], 2.41 [2.10 to 2.77], and 1.96 [1.74 to 2.20], respectively).

No significant increase was seen in the propensity score-adjusted odds of postoperative mortality (odds ratio, 1.40; 95% confidence interval, 0.87 to 2.25) or stroke (odds ratio, 2.46; 95% confidence interval, 1.13 to 5.36) for adolescents with CUD.

"The increasing prevalence of cannabis use in along with its surgical implications should provide the impetus to institute universal preoperative screening which may allow for teachable moments and deployment of mitigation strategies," the authors write.

More information: Brittany L. Willer et al, Trends in Adolescent Comorbid Cannabis Use Disorder and Postoperative Complications, Pediatrics (2024). DOI: 10.1542/peds.2024-065757

Journal information: Pediatrics

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