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AI model can predict continuous renal replacement therapy survival

Researchers develop an AI model that predicts continuous renal replacement therapy survival
Overview of study design and machine learning framework. Credit: Nature Communications (2024). DOI: 10.1038/s41467-024-49763-3

A UCLA-led team has developed a machine-learning model that can predict with a high degree of accuracy the short-term survival of dialysis patients on continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). The study is published in Nature Communications.

CRRT is a therapy used for very sick hospitalized whose makes them ineligible for regular hemodialysis. It is a gentler therapy that provides continuous treatment over a prolonged period. About half of adults placed on CRRT, however, do not survive, rendering the treatment futile for both patients and their families.

To help doctors decide whether a patient should start CRRT, the researchers developed a machine-learning model that uses data from thousands of patients' electronic health records to predict their chances of surviving the therapy.

The findings provide a data-driven tool to assist in clinical decision-making. This tool incorporates advanced machine-learning techniques to analyze a large and complex set of patient data, which was previously challenging for doctors to do. The study demonstrates how integrating machine-learning models into can improve treatment outcomes and resource management.

"CRRT is often used as a last resort, but many patients do not survive it, leading to wasted resources and false hope for families," said Dr. Ira Kurtz, chief of the UCLA Division of Nephrology and the study's senior author.

"By making it possible to predict which patients will benefit, the model aims to improve patient outcomes and , by serving as a basis for testing its utility in future clinical trials. Like all machine learning models, it needs to be tested in the to determine whether it is equally as accurate in its predictions in patients that it wasn't trained on."

More information: Davina Zamanzadeh et al, Data-driven prediction of continuous renal replacement therapy survival, Nature Communications (2024). DOI: 10.1038/s41467-024-49763-3

Journal information: Nature Communications
Citation: AI model can predict continuous renal replacement therapy survival (2024, July 10) retrieved 25 July 2024 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2024-07-ai-renal-therapy-survival.html
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