ATS publishes clinical practice guideline on ILD in infancy

August 1, 2013 in Medicine & Health / Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

The American Thoracic Society has released new clinical practice guidelines on the classification, evaluation and management of childhood interstitial lung disease (chILD) in infants. Childhood ILD includes a diverse group of rare lung diseases found in infants, children and teens that involve the interstitial tissues of the lung, which surround the air sacs (alveoli) in the lung and airways (breathing tubes). It is not known how many children have these disorders. Some types of chILD are caused by other diseases, while the cause is unclear in others, and prognosis varies by disease type.

The new guidelines appear in the August 1 American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

"The characteristics and natural history of ILD differ in children and adults," said Geoffrey Kurland, MD, of the Division of Pediatric Pulmonology at the Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh and a member of the committee that drafted the guidelines. "These new guidelines specifically address the diagnostic evaluation and management of chILD in neonates and infants, as most of the new diagnostic entities that have been recently described affect infants disproportionately."

The guidelines' recommendations include the following:

"As our understanding of the distinctions between adult and child ILD developed, the need for clinical practice guidelines on the diagnosis and management of chILD became clear," said Dr. Kurland. "These guidelines should help clinicians navigate the evaluation and management of children with this complex constellation of diseases."

Provided by American Thoracic Society

"ATS publishes clinical practice guideline on ILD in infancy" August 1, 2013