Immunology

ATP-hydrolyzing ectoenzyme E-NTPD8 attenuates colitis

The intestinal microbial ecosystem includes diverse species of bacteria. These bacteria can produce bioactive metabolites that directly affect the host's immune system. An imbalance of microbial metabolites has been implicated ...

Medical research

New approach to treating osteoarthritis advances

The study results revolve around the long-established idea that machines within animal and human cells turn the sugars, fats, and proteins we eat into energy used by the body's millions of cells. The molecule most used to ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Markers, erasers, and germs, oh my!

A thorough, terminal cleaning of hospital rooms between patients is essential for eliminating environmental contamination, and a checklist is a standard tool to guide the cleaning staff. But new research presented at the ...

Neuroscience

Potential drug for treating chronic pain with few side effects

Researchers at Okayama University describe in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences the effect of clodronate on the regulation of adenosine triphosphate release and its potential as a drug for the treatment ...

Neuroscience

Antibodies as 'messengers' in the nervous system

Antibodies are able to activate human nerve cells within milliseconds and hence modify their function—that is the surprising conclusion of a study carried out at Human Biology at the Technical University of Munich (TUM). ...

Medical research

Mitochondria-targeted iron chelator offers photoprotection

(HealthDay)—A mitochondria-targeted iron chelator can protect primary skin fibroblasts against the harmful effects of ultraviolet A (UVA), according to a study published in the August issue of the Journal of Investigative ...

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