Medical research

Critical flaw found in lab models of the human blood-brain barrier

Cells used to study the human blood brain barrier in the lab aren't what they seem, throwing nearly a decade's worth of research into question, a new study from scientists at Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians ...

Medical research

Age-resistant quiescent stem cells support muscle regeneration

Researchers from the Computational Biology group at the University of Luxembourg's Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biology (LCSB) participated in an international study focusing on adult stem cells in muscle tissue. The results ...

Medical research

Amniotic fluid may yield new, better treatment for ischemic stroke

A study released today in STEM CELLS Translational Medicine points the way to a possible new avenue of treatment for ischemic stroke. The study, led by Annamaria Cimini, Ph.D., of the University of L'Aquila, and Liborio Stuppia, ...

Oncology & Cancer

Feeding off fusion or the immortalization of tumor cells

Worldwide, cancer is the second leading cause of death—in 2018 alone, it claimed approximately 9.6 million lives, or one in six deaths. The development of cancer is incredibly complex and is controlled by an interplay of ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Invisible defence against adenoviruses

An adenovirus infection can be potentially life-threatening, especially for children after a stem cell transplant. Virologists at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and the German Research Center for Environmental Health ...

Surgery

Stem cell treatments 'go deep' to regenerate sun-damaged skin

For a while now, some plastic surgeons have been using stem cells to treat aging, sun-damaged skin. But while they've been getting good results, it's been unclear exactly how these treatments—using adult stem cells harvested ...

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Adult stem cell

Adult stem cells are undifferentiated cells, found throughout the body after embryonic development, that multiply by cell division to replenish dying cells and regenerate damaged tissues. Also known as somatic stem cells (from Greek Σωματικóς, meaning of the body), they can be found in juvenile as well as adult animals and humans.

Scientific interest in adult stem cells has centered on their ability to divide or self-renew indefinitely, and generate all the cell types of the organ from which they originate, potentially regenerating the entire organ from a few cells. Unlike embryonic stem cells, the use of adult stem cells in research and therapy is not considered to be controversial as they are derived from adult tissue samples rather than destroyed human embryos. They have mainly been studied in humans and model organisms such as mice and rats.

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