Psychology & Psychiatry

Most teen bullying occurs among peers climbing the social ladder

Teens who bully, harass, or otherwise victimize their peers are not always lashing out in reaction to psychological problems or unhealthy home environments, but are often using aggression strategically to climb their school's ...

Psychology & Psychiatry

Harmful alcohol use rising during pandemic

The ongoing pandemic has had a significant and alarming trend of increased alcohol use and abuse—especially among younger adults, males and those who have lost their jobs—according to a new study by University of Arizona ...

Psychology & Psychiatry

Mean or nice? These traits could make or break a child's friendships

Not all friendships are created equal. Some friends get along; others struggle to avoid conflict. Conventional wisdom holds that the tenor of a friendship with someone who is nice differs from that with someone who is mean, ...

Psychology & Psychiatry

Brain stimulation may increase control of emotional actions

To function well in society, people must be able to control their emotional reactions from time to time. This usually goes well, but this control can fail, for example with aggressive behavior in traffic or in people with ...

Psychology & Psychiatry

Researchers probe how aggression leads to more aggression

Like a champion fighter gaining confidence after each win, a male mouse that prevails in several successive aggressive encounters against other male mice will become even more aggressive in future encounters, attacking faster ...

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Aggression

In psychology, as well as other social and behavioral sciences, aggression refers to behavior between members of the same species that is intended to cause pain or harm. Predatory or defensive behavior between members of different species is not normally considered "aggression." Aggression takes a variety of forms among humans and can be physical, mental, or verbal. Aggression should not be confused with assertiveness, although the terms are often used interchangeably among laypeople, e.g. an aggressive salesperson.

There are two broad categories of aggression. These include hostile, affective, or retaliatory aggression and instrumental, predatory, or goal-oriented aggression. Empirical research indicates that there is a critical difference between the two, both psychologically and physiologically. Some research indicates that people with tendencies toward affective aggression have lower IQs than those with tendencies toward predatory aggression. If only considering physical aggression, males tend to be more aggressive than females. One explanation for this difference is that females are physically weaker than men, and so need to resort to other means.

This text uses material from Wikipedia, licensed under CC BY-SA