Alzheimer's disease & dementia

New drug targets early instigator of Alzheimer's disease

Over a hundred years after they were first identified, two ominous signposts of Alzheimer's disease (AD) remain central topics of research—both formed by sticky accumulations of protein in the brain. Amyloid beta solidifies ...

Alzheimer's disease & dementia

An alternate theory for what causes Alzheimer's disease

Alzheimer's disease, the most common cause of dementia among the elderly, is characterized by plaques and tangles in the brain, with most efforts at finding a cure focused on these abnormal structures. But a University of ...

Neuroscience

Tissue model reveals role of blood-brain barrier in Alzheimer's

Beta-amyloid plaques, the protein aggregates that form in the brains of Alzheimer's patients, disrupt many brain functions and can kill neurons. They can also damage the blood-brain barrier—the normally tight border that ...

Alzheimer's disease & dementia

Direct toxic action of beta-amyloid identified

Hyperactive neurons in specific areas of the brain are believed to be an early perturbation in Alzheimer's disease. For the first time, a team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) was able to explain the reasons ...

Alzheimer's disease & dementia

Blood tests for Alzheimer's: Why new studies are encouraging

Many people who have problems with their memory, especially if they are elderly, worry that they have Alzheimer's disease, which afflicts at least 5.5 million people in the U.S. and brings tremendous burdens to families as ...

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Amyloid

Amyloids are insoluble fibrous protein aggregates sharing specific structural traits. Abnormal accumulation of amyloid in organs may lead to amyloidosis, and may play a role in various neurodegenerative diseases.

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