Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Urbanization changes shape of mosquitoes' wings

The mosquito Aedes aegypti is the main transmission vector of dengue, Zika, yellow fever and chikungunya in Brazil. It is highly adapted to urban environments and rarely found in forested areas. The mosquito Anopheles cruzii ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Scientists map the genome of a dangerous malaria vector mosquito

An international collaborative of researchers has completed work on the physical mapping of the genome of one of the malaria vectors in Central and South America—the malaria mosquito Anopheles albimanus. The map opens a ...

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Anopheles ( /əˈnɒfɨliːz/) is a genus of mosquito. There are approximately 460 recognized species: while over 100 can transmit human malaria, only 30–40 commonly transmit parasites of the genus Plasmodium, which cause malaria in humans in endemic areas. Anopheles gambiae is one of the best known, because of its predominant role in the transmission of the most dangerous malaria parasite species – Plasmodium falciparum.

The name comes from the Greek αν, an, meaning not, and όφελος, ópheles, meaning profit, and translates to useless.

Some species of Anopheles also can serve as the vectors for canine heartworm Dirofilaria immitis, the Filariidae Wuchereria bancrofti and Brugia malayi, and viruses such as one that causes O'nyong'nyong fever. There is an association of brain tumor incidence and malaria, suggesting that the Anopheles might transmit a virus or other agent that could cause a brain tumor.

Mosquitoes in other genera (Aedes, Culex) can also serve as vectors of disease agents.

This text uses material from Wikipedia, licensed under CC BY-SA