Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Urbanization changes shape of mosquitoes' wings

The mosquito Aedes aegypti is the main transmission vector of dengue, Zika, yellow fever and chikungunya in Brazil. It is highly adapted to urban environments and rarely found in forested areas. The mosquito Anopheles cruzii ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Scientists map the genome of a dangerous malaria vector mosquito

An international collaborative of researchers has completed work on the physical mapping of the genome of one of the malaria vectors in Central and South America—the malaria mosquito Anopheles albimanus. The map opens a ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Researchers create mosquito resistant to dengue virus

Researchers from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health have genetically modified mosquitoes to resist infection from dengue virus, a virus that sickens an estimated 96 million people globally each year and kills ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Hybridized mosquitos advance malaria research

In December 2016, the American Journal of Vector Ecology published two articles by Yuri Novikov, a scientist at the TSU Biological Institute devoted to the ecology, distribution and laboratory cultivation of maculipennis ...


New soap to ward off malaria carrying mosquitoes

(Medical Xpress)—Gérard Niyondiko along with colleagues Frank Langevin and Lisa Barutel has posted a project on the crowd source funding site ulule for a product called Faso Soap. They claim the soap can cut in half the ...

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Anopheles ( /əˈnɒfɨliːz/) is a genus of mosquito. There are approximately 460 recognized species: while over 100 can transmit human malaria, only 30–40 commonly transmit parasites of the genus Plasmodium, which cause malaria in humans in endemic areas. Anopheles gambiae is one of the best known, because of its predominant role in the transmission of the most dangerous malaria parasite species – Plasmodium falciparum.

The name comes from the Greek αν, an, meaning not, and όφελος, ópheles, meaning profit, and translates to useless.

Some species of Anopheles also can serve as the vectors for canine heartworm Dirofilaria immitis, the Filariidae Wuchereria bancrofti and Brugia malayi, and viruses such as one that causes O'nyong'nyong fever. There is an association of brain tumor incidence and malaria, suggesting that the Anopheles might transmit a virus or other agent that could cause a brain tumor.

Mosquitoes in other genera (Aedes, Culex) can also serve as vectors of disease agents.

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