Neuroscience

Antibodies in the brain trigger epilepsy

Certain forms of epilepsy are accompanied by inflammation of important brain regions. Researchers at the University of Bonn have now identified a mechanism that explains this link. Their results may also pave the way to new ...

Psychology & Psychiatry

Antibodies: The body's own antidepressants

If the immune system attacks its own body, it can often have devastating consequences: autoantibodies bind to the body's structures, triggering functional disorders. The receptors for glutamate, a neurotransmitter, can also ...

Immunology

Researchers find new clue in lupus autoantibody production

A signaling molecule called interferon gamma could hold the key to understanding how harmful autoantibodies form in lupus patients. The finding could lead to new treatments for the chronic autoimmune disease, said researchers ...

Oncology & Cancer

Autoantibodies may help detect lung cancer earlier

Preliminary research has identified autoantibodies, immune proteins found in the blood specific for one's own proteins, that can potentially detect lung cancer early by distinguishing between smokers with or without lung ...

Alzheimer's disease & dementia

Researchers close in on a blood test for Alzheimer's disease

Researchers from the Rowan University School of Osteopathic Medicine are nearing development of a blood test that can accurately detect the presence of Alzheimer's disease, which would give physicians an opportunity to intervene ...

Oncology & Cancer

Researchers search for telltale signs of ovarian cancer

This year, ovarian cancer will claim over 125,000 lives worldwide. The deadly disease remains the fifth leading cause of cancer-related mortality in U.S. women, killing about 15,000 per year.

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Autoantibody

An autoantibody is an antibody (a type of protein) manufactured by the immune system that is directed against one or more of the individual's own proteins. It is derived from the Greek "auto" which means "self", "anti" which means "against" and "body". Many autoimmune diseases, notably lupus erythematosus, are caused by such autoantibodies.

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