Neuroscience

Stem cell transplant reverses disabling MS-like disease

A stem cell transplant reversed a debilitating neurological disease that causes half of the patients to go blind and lose the ability to walk five years after diagnosis. Most of the patients stayed better five years after ...

Diabetes

Scientists identify potential way to prevent type 1 diabetes  

Researchers believe they have identified a way to prevent type 1 diabetes by restoring the immune system's natural balance. The approach may also prove effective for battling other autoimmune diseases such as lupus and eczema, ...

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Autoimmune disease

Autoimmune diseases arise from an overactive immune response of the body against substances and tissues normally present in the body. In other words, the body really attacks its own cells. This may be restricted to certain organs (e.g. in thyroiditis) or involve a particular tissue in different places (e.g. Goodpasture's disease which may affect the basement membrane in both the lung and the kidney). The treatment of autoimmune diseases is typically with immunosuppression—medication which decreases the immune response.

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