Neuroscience

Study identifies new target to preserve nerve function

Scientists in the Vollum Institute at OHSU have identified an enzyme that plays a crucial role in the degeneration of axons, the threadlike portions of a nerve cell that transmit signals within the nervous system. Axon loss ...

Neuroscience

Research into axon degeneration hits a nerve

(Medical Xpress)—University of Queensland (UQ) researchers have made a significant discovery that could one day halt a number of neurodegenerative diseases.

Neuroscience

Regeneration can be achieved after chronic spinal cord injury

Scientists at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine report that regeneration of central nervous system axons can be achieved in rats even when treatment delayed is more than a year after the original ...

Neuroscience

New clues to halting nerve degeneration

A discovery into the mechanisms which lead to degeneration and loss of communication among neuron cells - the cells controlling function in the brain and nervous system - could potentially lead to future therapies for neurodegenerative ...

Genetics

Scientists identify first gene in programmed axon degeneration

Degeneration of the axon and synapse, the slender projection through which neurons transmit electrical impulses to neighboring cells, is a hallmark of some of the most crippling neurodegenerative and brain diseases such as ...

Neuroscience

Perilous ruptures described in a multiple sclerosis model

The permanent neurological deficits of multiple sclerosis patients largely depend on the extent of degeneration of long nerve fibers. The latter is initiated by ruptures in the cell membrane and the resulting influx of calcium ...

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