Gastroenterology

Ecological principles at play in gut microbiome

The dense, diverse collection of bacteria and other microorganisms that begin colonizing the human gastrointestinal tract from birth—collectively called the gut microbiome—is known to influence digestion and immune responses. ...

Medical research

Study suggests that C. difficile drives some colorectal cancers

Data collected by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center and the Bloomberg~Kimmel Institute for Cancer Immunotherapy suggest that Clostridioides difficile, or C. diff, a bacterial species well known for causing ...

Medical research

Gut bacteria mine dietary fiber to release beneficial nutrients

A new study from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis demonstrates that certain human gut microbes can mine dietary fiber to extract nutrients that otherwise would remain inaccessible to the human body. The ...

Obstetrics & gynaecology

Maternal gum disease may be connected to preterm birth

Women with preterm births may be more likely to have gum disease compared to those with full-term births, according to research presented at EuroPerio10, the world's leading congress in periodontology and implant dentistry ...

Obstetrics & gynaecology

New findings in the vaginal microbiome

A new study published in Human Reproduction shows that the menstrual phase has effects on the microbiome. "This will be very important for planning future studies, both in basic science and for interventions aiming to improve ...

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