Diabetes

Discovery paves the way for earlier detection of type 1 disease

Type 1 diabetes, an autoimmune disease that typically emerges before the age of 20, wipes out the body's ability to produce insulin—a hormone that's essential to life. Diagnosis often comes after symptoms arise, at which ...

Diabetes

A novel T-cell subset associated with type 1 diabetes

A study conducted at the University of Eastern Finland demonstrated that a recently described T-cell subset, so-called peripheral T helper cells, may have a role in the development of type 1 diabetes. The frequency of circulating ...

Diabetes

Novel findings explain indirect regulation of glucose homeostasis

The hormone secreting islets of Langerhans in the pancreas have a unique cyto-architecture that allows functional interrelationships between the different cell types. Somatostatin is secreted by the delta cell and is an effective ...

Alzheimer's disease & dementia

An alternate theory for what causes Alzheimer's disease

Alzheimer's disease, the most common cause of dementia among the elderly, is characterized by plaques and tangles in the brain, with most efforts at finding a cure focused on these abnormal structures. But a University of ...

Neuroscience

Tissue model reveals role of blood-brain barrier in Alzheimer's

Beta-amyloid plaques, the protein aggregates that form in the brains of Alzheimer's patients, disrupt many brain functions and can kill neurons. They can also damage the blood-brain barrier—the normally tight border that ...

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